Encouraging clients to increase body awareness and pay attention to their surroundings when being physically active may reduce stress.
As a doctoral student at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Chih-Hsiang Yang, PhD, conducted an app-based study to investigate the combination of mindfulness and moving on feelings of stress and anxiety. “When people are both more mindful and more active than usual, they seem to have this extra decrease in negative affect,” Yang said. “Being more active in a given moment is already going to reduce negative affect, but [when people are also] more mindful than usual at the same time, you can see this amplified effect.”
The study, which included 160 Penn State students who recorded their moods, stress levels and current activities in the app Paco, was published in Psychology of Sport and Exercise (2018; doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.003).
Yang conducted a follow-up study to better assess causation with older adults participating in outdoor mindful walking. Findings showed reductions in depression and anxiety and improvements in mindfulness. This study appeared in the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2018; doi:10.1123/japa.2017-0390).