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People With Overweight/Obesity

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Fitter Kids Have More Brain Gray Matter

By Shirley Archer, JD, MA | March 19, 2018 |

While much research has pointed to a relationship between kids’ fitness and academic performance, we now have a new piece of the puzzle: A recent study found that aerobic fitness and speed–agility levels among overweight and obese children aged 8–11 were independently associated with more gray matter in parts of the brain related to better academic performance.

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Face the Fats

By Matthew Kadey, MS, RD | March 19, 2018 |

For years, fat was demonized as dietary “Public Enemy Number One.” Despite the essential roles it plays in the body, including temperature regulation, hormone production and protection of organs, we were told it was also responsible for weight gain and a host of health woes. As a result, the public shied away from the macronutrient and instead stocked their kitchens with skim milk, fat-free snacks and low-fat dressings. This approach backfired spectacularly.

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Strength Training and Type 2 Diabetes

By Shirley Archer, JD, MA | January 16, 2018 |

A regular exercise program can help people with type 2 diabetes to manage blood sugar levels and maintain or improve fitness levels and overall health. In “Physical Activity/Exercise and Diabetes: A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association,” the association recommends two to three sessions of resistance exercise per week, on nonconsecutive days, in addition to other types of physical activity. Resistance training for people with type 2 diabetes improves glycemic control, insulin resistance, body composition, blood pressure and strength.

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Taking the Right Step—Walking Research for the Ages

By Shirley Archer, JD, MA | January 12, 2018 |

Have you ever heard clients say that “walking doesn’t count” as exercise? The truth is that walking can be a valuable part of your clients’ wellness routines—but how those steps fit into a whole program may depend on age. Two different studies offer valuable feedback on the benefits of walking through a workout.

STUDY #1: When Walking and Weight Loss Are in Step

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New Way to Calculate Childhood Obesity

By Ryan Halvorson | October 13, 2017 |

Over the years, experts have questioned the accuracy of body mass index scores, known as BMI “z-scores,” for estimating body fat percentages in kids (the z is specific to younger age groups and requires complicated calculations to get results). The criticism is that adolescent weight doesn’t scale with height, which can produce faulty data. Now, researchers claim to have discovered a new, more accurate formula for measuring body fat in kids aged 8–17.

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A Weigh-In a Day Keeps the Pounds Away?

By Ryan Halvorson | September 20, 2017 |

Stepping on the scale daily may help women lose weight, according to a
new study. For 2 years, at intervals, 294 college-age women provided information on their self-weighing practices and underwent body mass index and body fat testing. According to the data, women who weighed themselves daily saw significant decreases in BMI and body fat percentage over time.

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New Dangers Associated With Childhood Obesity

By Ryan Halvorson | August 17, 2017 |

Having obesity as a kid doesn’t just create immediate risks. According to a new study, it may also set the stage for significant health problems later on.
While being obese in childhood is known to predict adulthood obesity, the study’s purpose was to learn about other potential and undetermined weight-related health risks that might take root in the early years. Specifically, the researchers focused on how childhood obesity related to cardiovascular disease and abnormal blood sugar levels that result in disease.

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Treat & Reduce Obesity Act of 2017 Gains Momentum

By Ryan Halvorson | June 13, 2017 |

Efforts to help people with obesity may get a little more support. In April, pertinent new legislation was introduced in both the House and the Senate.
The Treat and Reduce Obesity Act of 2017 aims to provide healthcare professionals with more funding and better treatment options for obesity. If the legislation passes, it would improve counseling, intervention and drug treatments for patients.

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Migraines: A Weighty Issue?

By Ryan Halvorson | June 13, 2017 |

Migraines have long been a malady of unknown etiology, confounding medical practitioners and sufferers alike. A research review suggests that weight may be a factor.
The review included 12 studies and examined records from 288,981 individuals. Analysis showed that people with obesity had a 27% greater chance of developing a migraine than normal-weight people, while underweight individuals were 13% more likely to have a migraine than those of normal weight. Age and gender also correlated with migraine risk.

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Some People Are Genetically Predisposed to Be Overweight, Obese

By Ryan Halvorson | May 10, 2017 |

According to a new study, certain continental Africans and African-Americans carry a genomic variant that causes them to be an average of 6 pounds heavier than those without it.
In this study, researchers hoped to zero in on a potential genetic basis for overweight and obesity levels among continental Africans. To this end, the scientists performed a genome-wide association study for body mass index (BMI) in 1,570 West Africans and then replicated the study in independent samples of West Africans and African-Americans.

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Reducing CVD Risk in Older Adults Who Are Obese

By Ryan Halvorson | April 12, 2017 |

Exercise may protect against cardiovascular disease regardless of body mass index, according to researchers from Erasmus University Medical Centre in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
They examined the health records and activity levels of 5,344 adults aged 55—97. Participants were categorized as normal weight, overweight or obese and were also classified by activity level. The study's purpose was to understand associations among weight, physical activity levels and CVD risk.

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To Help Clients Succeed, Keep Change Simple

By Cedric X. Bryant, PhD | January 19, 2017 |

Samuel L. Berry, MS, is a Master Trainer for the American Council on Exercise and for Functional Movement Systems. He serves a wide range of clients and athletes aged 11—81 who are working toward a variety of objectives. In addition to his roles as a trainer and educator, he has contributed to publications for Harvard Medical School, Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine, PTontheNet.com and prominent peer–reviewed publications such as The Journal of Pediatrics.

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