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Chronic Diseases

Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes

Did you know that diabetes affects nearly one-tenth of the U.S. population—a widening epidemic with more than 5,000 new cases per day (ADA 2013)? Type 2 diabetes, formerly called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, accounts for about 90% of diabetes cases (IDF 2014).

Prehabilitation Strengthening Exercises for Knee and Hip Arthroplasty

Fitness professionals may work in concert with a physical therapist to encourage a client to engage in “prehab” to maintain or enhance his strength preoperatively for knee or hip arthroplasty. (Shakoor et al. 2010). Pain is often a limiting factor, and it may be difficult for the client to participate in even the most basic daily activities. Below are a few suggested exercises.

KNEE ARTHROPLASTY
Isometric quadriceps sets. Lie on back with legs extended. Tighten quads and push knee into mat/surface. Hold 10 seconds. Do 10 repetitions, 5 times per day.

How to Work With an Overweight Client

Inspired by fear. Kerry was afraid when she first reached out to personal trainer Sue D’Alonzo in March 2013. The lim itations Kerry’s body presented from carrying excess weight had become more severe. She feared these limitations would make it increasingly difficult for her to keep up with her young son, and she worried that trying to do so might result in injury. Kerry also dealt with nagging hip pain. Although Kerry expressed these concerns to her physician, she was never advised to lose weight. Eventually, Kerry turned to D’Alonzo for help.

How to Improve Function in Obese Adults

Mobility can be an issue for adults with obesity, and exercise can help. But is there a preferred method for improving functional capacity in this population? Researchers may have the answer.

Gym Helps Kids Across the Spectrum

Sometimes the best ideas are born of necessity. Dina Kimmel, a mother of two, experienced difficulty finding ways to support her autistic son’s development, so she took on the challenge herself and created a “sensory gym” in her home. After seeing her son’s success with it, Kimmel decided that this type of setting should be available to others, and she opened the first We Rock the Spectrum Kid’s Gym® for All Kids in Tarzana, California.

Interval Walking and Type 2 Diabetes

Interval-style training is all the rage. While high-intensity formats seem most prevalent, researchers have learned that a less strenuous version—interval walking—may benefit individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Resistance And Aerobic Training Recommendations for People With Type 2 Diabetes

Resistance Training Recommendations

Frequency. At least twice weekly on nonconsecutive days (Colberg et al. 2010); ideally at least three times a week. Colberg and colleagues propose that resistance training should be coordinated with other regular aerobic activities.

Intensity. For optimal gains in strength and insulin action, resistance training should be performed at moderate intensity (50% of 1-repetition maximum) or vigorous intensity (75%–80% 1-Rm) (Colberg et al. 2010).

Prediabetes Rates Soar in England

Prediabetes, as described by the American Diabetes Association, is a precursor to type 2 diabetes. According to a new report, prediabetes rates in England tripled from 2003 to 2011.

“Prediabetes is a high-risk state for developing diabetes and associated complications,” explained the study’s authors. “The purpose of this paper was to report trends in prevalence of prediabetes for individuals aged 16 and older in England without previously diagnosed diabetes.”

Diabetes Trends

According to a study in the Annals of Internal Medicine (2014; 160 [8], 517–25), close to 21 million adults aged 20 and older had confirmed diabetes in 2010, and some sectors of the population were more likely than others to develop the disease.

Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, the scientists looked at diabetes rates and diagnosis among adults in 1988–1994 and 1999–2010.*

Isometric Exercise Helps Hypertension

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website (www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/facts.htm), 1 in every 3 adults has high blood pressure. A recent report suggests that isometric exercise—in which joint angle and muscle length do not change during muscular contraction—can be used to reduce and manage blood pressure.

Ownership of Certain Devices Linked to Obesity, Diabetes

Perhaps it’s no surprise that people who own computers, televisions and cars tend to be less active and may be more vulnerable to obesity-related diseases than people without these possessions. Now, researchers from Simon Fraser University in Canada and more than 20 other institutions around the world have collaborated to determine the level of risk that ownership of certain devices presents.

Exercise and Lifestyle Guidelines for People With Osteoarthritis

About 10 years ago, the CDC and the arthritis Foundation launched the national arthritis action Plan: a Public health strategy. This collaboration resulted in a landmark document with a consensus of lifestyle and exercise guidelines for people who suffer from chronic arthritis. here is a synthesis of the physical activity recommendations:

Pro-Aging: How the Fitness Industry is Setting a New Standard

April12, 2014

I’m just going to come out and say it: I am not a fan of the term “anti-aging.” Why? Well, if you are anti-aging, you are anti-living. We’re all aging every second of every day–some of us on a faster track, yes, but the point is aging is natural and healthy. Why fight it? I prefer the term “pro-aging” because it connotes a positive approach to birthdays. From what I can see here at the 2014 IDEA Personal Trainer Institute in Seattle, everyone is on the pro-aging path and setting a new standard for the rest of the world.

Exercise Benefits People With Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA), the nation’s most common form of arthritis, is a degenerative joint disease that causes cartilage and its underlying bone to break down, eventually producing joint pain and stiffess (Lubar et al. 2010).

Peripheral Arterial Disease and Exercise for Older Adults

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when plaque accumulates in the arteries of the legs. Reduced blood flow and loss of oxygen in the tissues beyond the obstruction cause localized muscular pain, or claudication, especially during exercise (Bulmer & Coombes 2004; Womack & Gardner 2003).

Sitting and Quality of Life

Sitting for extended periods of time throughout the day has been linked with increased risk of health problems and even with death. A new study from BMC Public Health (2013: 13 [1071]) says that quality of life may also suffer in people who sit for long periods.

The large study included 194,545 Australian men and women aged 45 and older who were randomly selected from the Medicare Australia database. Participants answered questions about physical activity levels and intensity, daily sitting time, and feelings of health and quality of life.

Women, Strength Training and Diabetes

Here’s more motivation to get your female clients interested in lifting weights: Strength training can help to ward off diabetes.

The researchers, from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston and the University of Southern Denmark, analyzed data from 99,316 female participants in the Nurses’ Health Study and the Nurses’ Health Study II. The women, aged 36–81, did not present with diabetes, cancer or cardiovascular disease at the beginning of the 8-year study.

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