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Chronic Diseases

When the Client Is You

By Ryan Halvorson | January 18, 2018 |

client: Frank | personal trainer: Frank McKenna, MEd, owner, Beach Better Bodies | location: Virginia Beach, Virginia

A dire situation. In the summer of 2016, personal trainer Frank McKenna received news he never expected to hear. At age 56, he had recently completed his own physical transformation and was arguably in tiptop shape, so when his doctor told him he had stage 4 lung cancer, he was stunned.

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Strength Training and Type 2 Diabetes

By Shirley Archer-Eichenberger, JD, MA | January 16, 2018 |

A regular exercise program can help people with type 2 diabetes to manage blood sugar levels and maintain or improve fitness levels and overall health. In “Physical Activity/Exercise and Diabetes: A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association,” the association recommends two to three sessions of resistance exercise per week, on nonconsecutive days, in addition to other types of physical activity. Resistance training for people with type 2 diabetes improves glycemic control, insulin resistance, body composition, blood pressure and strength.

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Mindfulness, Stress and Blood-Sugar Regulation

By Shirley Archer-Eichenberger, JD, MA | October 13, 2017 |

A Penn State University study found that women with overweight or obesity had significantly lower levels of stress and fasting glucose after participating in a mindfulness-based stress reduction [MBSR] program. Researchers evaluated the effects of MBSR on cardiometabolic outcomes in 86 women with overweight or obesity. The 8-week MBSR program—which consists of group training in mindfulness, stress reduction, mindful movement and meditation—includes weekly 2.5-hour sessions, one 6-hour retreat and a recommendation of daily home practice.

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Exercise Lowers Breast Cancer Return Risk

By Ryan Halvorson | April 12, 2017 |

Thirty percent of women who overcome breast cancer experience a recurrence (www.breastcancer.org). Recently, scientists reviewed 67 studies to determine whether lifestyle choices—like physical activity, alcohol intake, diet and smoking—had links to recurrence. The goal was to help women make changes in lifestyle that might prevent the disease from returning.

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Getting the Facts on Fatigue

By Len Kravitz, PhD | March 15, 2017 |

Fatigue is a crucial concept for exercisers because it represents the point where they fail to complete a set or feel too exhausted to continue a long-distance run or other endeavor. Fatigue fascinates researchers because it reflects mental, chemical and mechanical processes that affect muscle performance. Indeed, the physiology of fatigue recently inspired the journal Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise to devote a special section to the topic.
I'll review highlights from the journal's special section in a question-and-answer format:

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Does Exercise Benefit Digestive Health?

By Joy Keller | February 21, 2017 |

Gut microbiota has been a hot topic recently, and for good reason, as it is a key indicator of health. Gut microbiota contains trillions of micro-organisms, including at least 1,000 species of known bacteria, with more than 3 million genes (Gut Microbiota for Health 2016). There are many benefits to having a healthy gut, including but not limited to

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Thriving After a Stroke

By Ryan Halvorson | January 17, 2017 |

client: Gary | personal trainer: Tracy Markley, owner, Tracy's Personal Training | location: Florence, Oregon

Surviving a stroke. In May 2014, 65–yearold Gary had a stroke so severe his doctors were skeptical he'd survive it. Fortunately they were wrong, but he suffered so much damage that physical therapists were initially convinced he'd be wheelchair–bound for life.

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Aging and Cardiovascular Disease: Exercise to the Rescue!

By Robert Christer, MS | January 16, 2017 |

Our species is long–lived compared with other primates. Chimpanzees, for instance, have a life expectancy of about 13 years versus 78.5 years for U.S. babies born in 2009 (Pringle 2013). Why such a big gap? Pringle says vaccines, antibiotics, sanitation, and access to nutritious vegetables and fruits year round give us a huge edge over our great–ape cousins, as does our acquired ability to fight off pathogens and irritants in our environments.

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35 Ailments, One Prescription: MOVE!

By Galen A. Morton, MA | January 13, 2016 |

It’s not exactly news that physical activity and exercise have powerful health benefits. Indeed, it’s an insight almost as old as recorded history.

In the fifth century BC, the famous Greek physician Hippocrates observed, “All parts of the body, if used in moderation and exercised in labors to which each is accustomed, become thereby healthy and well developed and age slowly; but if they are unused and left idle, they become liable to disease, defective in growth and age quickly” (Kokkinos
&
Myers 2010).

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The Impact of Chronic Pain

By IDEA Authors | September 23, 2015 |

Use a three-pronged approach to help frail participants move better, get
stronger and improve their balance.

Did you know that more than 45% of Americans experience pain on a
regular basis? Are you one of them? Unfortunately, people tend to fall
into bad habits as the body adapts to, and becomes familiar with,
persistent pain (Duhigg 2012).

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Obesity Ups Cancer Risk in Black Men

By Ryan Halvorson | August 16, 2015 |

According to researchers from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of Washington, African-American men have the highest rates of prostate cancer (both development and mortality) in the United States. Those same researchers have determined that obesity among this population makes the problem much worse.

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Alzheimer’s and Diet

By Joanna Morris, MS, RDN, LDN | August 15, 2015 |

It’s never too early to talk about Alzheimer’s disease—even for a
nonmorning person like me. On a misty March morning in New York’s
financial district, I rushed across traffic and made it to the 8:00 am
continental breakfast just in time for the “Role of Nutrition in
Dementia Prevention and Management” conference, which was buzzing with
the world’s foremost nutrition epidemiologists and Alzheimer’s experts.

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