Our industrialized world presents numerous opportunities to indulge. Humans wrestle with increased levels of saturated fat and salt, decreased levels of fiber and exercise, widespread use of alcohol and tobacco, and higher consumption of calorically dense food. These factors, when combined, result in a mismatch between the genes carried forward from our evolutionary past and…Read More
Flexibility is an essential fitness component that decreases with age and physical inactivity. Traditionally, stretching as a warm-up has long been recommended for individuals who engage in exercise for rehabilitation, injury prevention, health improvement and athletic performance enhancement (American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM] 2006, Kovacs 2006, Shrier 2004). The proposed goals of acute stretching…Read More
Many studies have shown that maintaining or increasing muscular strength and endurance throughout the lifespan is important for preventing disease, maintaining health and preserving the ability to perform normal life activities. Knowing how to measure a client’s strength and endurance allows the personal fitness trainer (PFT) to establish baseline values in order to design an effec…Read More
Personal fitness trainers (PFTs) draw from a distinct body of scientific knowledge to create appropriate and individualized cardiorespiratory exercise programs for clients. A great amount of research has been done on heart rate zone training, optimal frequency and time of exercise, exercise progression, and the effects of these factors on caloric expenditure during exercise.
The first part of this two-part series covered the what, when, where and why of cardiorespiratory fitness testing (September 2004 IDEA Fit-ness Journal, pp. 42–3). Now that you have a little better understanding of the process of choosing an appropriate modality and protocol for testing clients, let’s look more closely at the modalities and protocols available. The most important aspect of the decision process is keeping in mind the client’s health and physical activity history. The bottom line is to match the protocol and the purpose of the test to the specific client.Read More
Imagine this scenario: A client comes to you for 6 months of training with the main goal of improving his cardiorespiratory endurance. Six months from now, how will you know if your training program was a success? Perhaps your client will say he looks and feels better. Maybe you will notice he is able to…Read More
Clients who read about the occasional
athlete who suffers from a fatal incident on the basketball court or football field, or the marathon runner who “blows out his knees,” may ask, is exercise really safe? The best answer to that question is, Exercising is safer than remaining sedentary.
Proper screening and risk stratification of clients who are starting exercise programs is important for promoting exercise safety and preventing adverse events during exercise. Personal fitness trainers (PFTs) must be able to utilize the proper tools and understand the information gathered from the preexercise screening. Components of this screening include the health history questionnaire (HHQ); physical activity readiness questionnaire (PAR-Q); risk stratification; and informed consent.Read More