Understanding the Human Microbiome

by: Joe Weiss, MD and Danielle Weiss

Trillions of bacteria, viruses and other microbes dwell within our bodies, affecting our health and overall well-being. Here’s a look at how they interact.

Humans are never alone. Each of us co-exists with trillions of microscopic organisms that form the human microbiome, a complex web of life that’s analogous to earthly biomes such as deserts, tundra and rainforests.

The microbiome extends from deep within our bodies—even inside individual cells—to the skin and to all surfaces exposed to the external environment. It includes bacteria, viruses, yeasts and fungi that interact with the body’s systems, helping with digestion, immune response and a vast array of less-well-known bodily functions.

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Fitness Journal, Volume 15, Issue 7

© 2018 by IDEA Health & Fitness Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

About the Authors

Joe Weiss, MD

Joe Weiss, MD IDEA Author/Presenter

Joseph B. Weiss, M.D. is Clinical Professor of Medicine in the Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, at the University of California, San Diego. Accepted to university at age fifteen he attended the University of Michigan, University of Detroit, and Wayne State University. Reflecting his broad interests, he majored in Medieval English Literature, Astrophysics, and Invertebrate Zoology. Following his graduation from the Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, Michigan, he completed his internship and residency in Internal Medicine at the University of California, Irvine Medical Center in Orange, California. Under the auspices of the World Health Organization and others, he has pursued interests in Tropical and International Medicine and Public Health with extended stays in Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. Subsequently completing a clinical and research fellowship in Gastroenterology at the University of California, San Diego, he has remained active on the clinical faculty of the School of Medicine. Dr. Weiss is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians, a Fellow of the American Gastroenterological Association, and a Senior Fellow of the American College of Gastroenterology. Double board certified in Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, Dr. Weiss has over thirty years of clinical, administrative, and research experience. He has also served on the Board of Directors of the Scripps Clinic Medical Group, Clinical Board of Governors of the Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, and Chancellor’s Associates of the University of California, San Diego He is the author of more than ten books on health (www.smartaskbooks.com) and has had numerous papers published in prestigious national and international medical journals, as well as in the lay press. Dr. Weiss is also an accomplished humorist and professional speaker having given over two thousand presentations nationally and internationally. He has presented at international conferences and conventions, universities, medical schools, hospitals and medical centers, Fortune 500 companies, YPO/WPO, Bohemian Grove, Esalen Institute, Renaissance Weekend, Aspen Brain Forum, international destination spas & resorts (Golden Door, Canyon Ranch, Rancho La Puerta), etc. Co-hosting a popular health care radio program on a major network affiliate in California showcased his skills as a communicator with a mellifluous voice. The programs are continuously updated with cutting edge information. Well-spoken, enlightening, and entertaining the programs are also visually engaging. For further information, please contact Dr. Weiss at weisscme@ucsd.edu or speakingofhealth@gmail.com. Website: www.smartaskbooks.com

Danielle Weiss

Danielle Weiss IDEA Author/Presenter

My educational experience has taken me across the USA, from an undergraduate at the University of California, San Diego (Magna Cum Laude) to New York University School of Medicine, residency at Scripps Mercy San Diego and Endocrinology Fellowship at Stanford University. I am Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Board Certified in Endocrinology and Metabolism. I am very happy to return to my hometown of San Diego and to have the privilege of having my Endocrinology practice, Center for Hormonal Health and Well-Being, in Encinitas at 477 N. El Camino Real, Suite D200. Within the broad field of Endocrinology I am particularly interested in disorders of the thyroid, pituitary, adrenals, lipids, and osteoporosis as well as the hormonal transition through mid life for both men and women. Other areas of expertise include the management of obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and nutritional counseling. I enjoy offering educational programs to the community and I am active on the volunteer clinical faculty of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine. I have hospital staff privileges at Scripps Memorial Encinitas. I look forward to continuing to enjoy the pleasures of teaching, clinical research, and offering the highest level of care to my patients and community. My philosophy on patient care is exemplified by Francis Peabody's statement, "The secret of the care of the patient is in caring for the patient." I truly believe that this is the best and only way to practice medicine.