Nordic pole walking is a highly enjoyable, easy-to-learn way for exercisers of all ages to get outdoors and get moving. If you’re unfamiliar with Nordic pole walking, this primer will provide key reasons why it can be such a good fit for your clients.

Once you’ve got a handle on the benefits of Nordic pole walking, it could become your most popular training tool. You’d be hard-pressed to find another aerobic and strength training workout that costs so little yet provides so many benefits.

What Is Nordic Pole Walking?

Nordic pole walking is a hybrid of Nordic (cross-country) skiing and walking—in essence, skiing on dry land (minus the skis). Pushing the pole tips against the ground distributes body weight away from the lower extremities, relieving stress on the pole walker’s joints while activating upper-body muscles.

“Nordic pole walking combines an upper-body strength workout with a cardiovascular workout, engaging 90% of our body’s muscles, making it an effective total-body physical activity for older adults and those living with chronic diseases,” says Greg Bellamy, president and co-founder of Nordixx Canada, the country’s leading distributor of Nordic poles and one of Canada’s top education and certifying agencies for Nordic pole-walking instructors. Though pole walking has been around for decades, it’s really begun to (ahem) make strides in the fitness community in the past 10 years. (Various companies manufacture walking poles.)

In Europe, Nordic pole walking traces its roots back to 1966, when Finnish physical education instructor Leena J├ñ├ñskel├ñinen introduced “walking with ski poles” to her students at the School of Viherlaakso, in Helsinki. In the mid-1990s, Finland’s national Nordic ski team began using the poles to train during the offseason (INWA 2013). On this side of the Atlantic, by 1988 fitness advocate Tom Rutlin had already introduced a slightly different version of the Finnish pole-walking method with the development of his Exerstrider walking poles. Almost three decades later, Rutlin still gets excited talking about the benefits of Nordic pole walking.

“No other simple, accessible physical activity that is so ideal for people of any age and ability engages the core muscles more effectively than Nordic Walking does,” Rutlin says. Indeed, improved core strength and stability are primary reasons why the sport has gone from a sidewalk oddity to an activity that is increasingly incorporated into fitness programs across the continent.

Pole-Walking Success Stories

Vince Knap, an avid pole walker at the York West Active Living Centre in Toronto, found Nordic pole walking an effective way to lose weight. “I went from 235 to 195 pounds and kept the weight off, thanks in part to Nordic pole walking and a healthy diet,” says Knap.

“Old injuries and chronic wear and tear reduce the cartilage or cushioning around joints, causing pain and inflammation,” says Jennifer Howey, a Toronto-based physical therapist and owner of InsideOut Physiotherapy & Wellness Group. “Nordic poles encourage more core-muscle activity and place less pressure on the joints. Patients become more active because they move with less pain.”

Nordic poles also help prevent falls. “As we age, we move less,” Howey says. “We become more rigid and lose flexibility. Poor posture and rigidity make us less able to respond to sudden changes, and we are at an increased risk of falling. When patients use Nordic walking poles, posture and flexibility improve.”

Knap concurs: “The poles square my shoulders and lift my head so I’m not hunched over and looking down when I walk.”

Jim King, professor emeritus at Western University in London, Ontario, has been an avid pole walker since 2012. King uses the poles to help manage symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. “Walking with poles also helps me to stand up straight and helps to correct the round shoulders commonly associated with using a walker,” he says.

Research backs up King’s experience. A 2008 Dutch study published in the Journal of Movement Disorders tracked subjects living with Parkinson’s disease who did Nordic pole walking for up to 5 months. Results showed significant gains immediately after the exercise training period and 5 months post-study, with major improvements in time walked, quality of life and the “get-up-and-go” test (capacity to rise from a chair, walk 3 meters, turn around, walk back and sit down). Based on their results, researchers suggested that “Nordic walking could provide a safe, effective and enjoyable way to reduce physical inactivity in Parkinson’s disease [patients]” (Van Eijkeren et al. 2008).

For more research, please see “Why Older Exercisers Should Try Nordic Walking” in the online IDEA Library or in the March 2017 print edition of IDEA Fitness Journal. If you cannot access the full article and would like to, please contact the IDEA Inspired Service Team at 800-999-4332, ext. 7.