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Injury / Injury Prevention

does stretching reduce injury risk?

Thacker, S.B., et al. 2004. The impact of stretching on sports injury risk: A systematic review of the literature. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36 (3): 371–8.

Purpose. Researchers at the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control and the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion systematically reviewed the research literature in order to assess whether stretching effectively prevents sports injuries and to make recommendations for research and prevention.

Kids’ Sports Get Serious

Physical education (PE) may be waning in schools but sport participation among U.S. children and adolescents is on the rise. In 2001 SGMA International reported that more than 7 million high-school-age youth participated in at…

Exercise and Bone Strength

As a personal trainer, you probably know that exercise has been shown to increase bone strength, as measured by bone mineral density (BMD), in people of all ages. But did you know that the degree to which exercise improves BMD depends on a variety of factors, including age, reproductive hormone status, nutritional status and the nature of the exercise?

Training Clients With Arthritis

With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives

After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.

Test

Highlights From the 50th Annual Meeting of the ACSM

Walking Intensity and Bone Mineral Density
Fogleman, K.M., Borer, K.T., & Sowers, M.R. 2003. Walking intensity stimulates increases in BMD in post-menopausal women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35 (5, Supplement), Abstract 95.
Menopause is often associated with a loss in bone mineral density (BMD). Although exercise has been shown to increase BMD in postmenopausal women, the exact mechanism is presently unclear, as are the intensity and types of exercise that will elicit this response.

Treating and Preventing DOMS

“I can’t believe how sore I am from that workout you gave me the other day,” your new client laments as she warms up for her training session. “I can hardly lift my arms and…

Surf Conditioning

Like the increase in size of incoming sets as a storm swell arrives, the growth of surfing’s popularity has been nothing short of mesmerizing.

Golfing After Total Hip Replacement

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By Catherine Fiscella, MS

Golfing After Total Hip Replacement
Understanding this surgery and how to tailor a postrehab training program for it will prepare you and your active client for success.

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ach year, more than 850,000 total hip replacements are performed worldwide. The number continues to grow, and the patient population continues to diversify. According to the American Ac…

Balance Training for Older Adults

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, falls account for the highest number of accidental injury deaths in adults 65 years and older. To address this concern, more and more fitness facilities are offering balance training for their older members. Should you?

Vitamin A and Hip Fracture Risk

A new study indicates that older women who consume too much vitamin A may increase their risk of hip fracture. Researchers found that women with the highest total intake of vitamin A, from both fortified food and multivitamin supplements, had double the risk of hip fracture compared to women with the lowest intake. The study appeared in the January 2, 2002, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

When Clients Feel Pain

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By Greg Roskopf, MA

When Clients Feel Pain
How can you identify muscle imbalances that contribute to discomfort or distress?

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s personal fitness trainers, we recognize our role as specialists in exercise maintenance. On a daily basis, we set up exercise programs designed to help our clients reach their fitness goals. With the educational background and the skills we possess, trai…

The Active Range Warm-Up: Getting Hotter With Time

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By Paula Anderson, MS

The Active Range Warm-Up:
Getting Hotter With Time

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n the early days of group fitness when everyone wore leg warmers and exercised to Jane Fonda tapes, the warm-up portion of a typical cardio conditioning class included moves borrowed from ballet, jazz dance and yoga. Unending head turns, pli…

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