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Chronic Diseases

Meditation May Help Kids Lower BP and Improve Behavior

Today’s youth are moving less, gaining weight and developing hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes in increasing numbers. Part of the challenge in treating these formerly adult-type diseases in juveniles is that putting kids on prescriptive medications also poses risks…

Health Really Pays Off

Pounds of Pennies

Next time you are trying to convey to your clients the repercussions of an unhealthy lifestyle, break the topic down into dollars and cents. Here’s how Money magazine quantified poor health habits on the CNN/Money website December 6, 2004:
Per year, a smoker’s medical costs run $1,623 higher than a nonsmoker&rsquo…

Heavy Kids, Heavy Hearts

Gaining weight during childhood apparently takes a heavy toll on future heart health. According to a report in the November 23, 2004, issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association, obesity that starts in childhood is a consistent predictor of an overdeveloped left ventricle of the heart in early adulthood.
The researchers followed 467 children for an average o…

Yoga May Help Kids With ADHD

The regular practice of yoga is known for helping adults achieve a sense of relaxation and inner peace. A recent study suggests that yoga may also benefit children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
According to research published in the Journal of At…

Obesity and Low Physical Activity Linked to Endometrial Cancer Risk

According to a report in the November 3 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (2004; 96 [21], 1635–38), obesity and low physical activity are strong, independent risk factors for endometrial cancer.
Researchers analyzed data from 62,573 women who participated in The Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer. During the follow-up years from 1986 to 1995, a…

Osteoporosis a Rising Concern

If the first ever Surgeon General’s report on bone health accurately predicts the future, your client landscape could look very different by 2020. That is the year, the government predicts, when half of all Americans 50 and older will be at risk for fractures from osteoporosis or low bone mass—that is, unless immediate action is taken. According to Bone Health and Osteopo…

Chi Kung Practice Reduces Hypertension

Tai chi has been receiving some good press lately. Now a new study links chi kung—the “parent” of tai chi—with decreases in hypertension.
According to research published in the International Journal of Neuroscience (2004; 114 [7], 777–86), me…

Competitive Athletes at Risk for “Superbug”

In the past, outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been mainly connected with healthcare institutions. Recently, however, physicians have been seeing more infections— including skin boils and pneumonia—caused by drug-resistant bacteria.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that outbreaks among “pla…

Body Composition Assessment and Relationship to Disease

Our quest for knowledge regarding body composition and how it affects our propensity for disease and overall health has intensified in recent years, driven in large part by the desire to better understand health concerns and risk of disability associated with obesity (Goodpaster 2002). Indeed, research has focused not only on absolute measures of fat and fat-free mass but also on how the distribution of these affects our risk of conditions such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke and cancer, to name a few.

exercising with arthritis

Do you have arthritis? You’re not alone. Approximately 42.7 million Americans have arthritis, as well as millions of people around the world. Doctors now commonly prescribe exercise to alleviate arthritis symptoms. However, it can be confusing to know what type of exercise to do and how much is helpful.

Baby Boomers Not Being Heart-Smart

According to “Boomer Coalition Reality Check: When Boomer Optimism Becomes Denial,” a new survey conducted by RoperASW on behalf of the Boomer Coalition and the American Heart Association, Baby Boomers in the United States are very aware of cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately this knowledge is not spurring them to take action to combat the disease. For example:
Only 47% of survey respondents eat a
healthy diet each day.

Only 55% exercise more than three
times each week.

Training Clients With Arthritis

With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives

After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.


Managing Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a collection of health risks that increase an individual’s chances of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes. These health risks include excessive fat tissue in the abdominal area, glucose intolerance, unhealthy cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Metabolic syndrome is closely associated with insulin resistance. Also known as “syndrome X,” the condition is often seen in seniors and those who are overweight.


If there was ever an exercise study that got the attention of physicians and health care decision makers, it was the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). The aim of this 3-year, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was…

Reminders Appropriate as Osteoporosis Awareness Month Nears

National Osteoporosis Awareness Month may be next month, but reminders about enhancing bone health are always appropriate. For example, you can remind your clients that the best defense against osteoporosis is to develop strong bones, especially before the age of 30, and that regular exercise has been shown to encourage bone growth throughout life.

Cholesterol and Exercise, Client Handout

Client Handout

o you have–or want to avoid–high cholesterol? Last year, when the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued new criteria for categorizing cholesterol levels as healthy or unhealthy, many more Americans suddenly found themselves in the high-cholesterol category. The good news is that exercise can help. Fitness experts Chantal A. Vella, MS, and Len Kravitz, PhD, of the University …


Effect of High-Intensity Resistance
Exercise on Elderly Bones

Vincent, K.R., & Braith, R.W. Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34 (1), 17-23.