Eggs belong on the shortlist of superfoods. Costing just about 15 cents each for some brands, they are loaded with high-quality protein and many other nutrients. For athletes, especially those involved in resistance training, egg protein is particularly valuable for increasing muscle protein synthesis.

A recent study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests that this is even more true if athletes consume whole eggs rather than just the egg whites. Eggs and, in particular, egg yolks were once villainized for their high cholesterol content. We now know that dietary cholesterol does not pose a health risk for most people.