With Olympic gold in her sights, gymnast Christy Henrich trained over several years with a goal of achieving contender status on the U.S. Olympic Women’s Gymnastics Team. But then a judge at a national competition told the 95-pound Henrich that if she expected to win Olympic gold, she would have to lose weight—“advice” that eventually…Read More
As a personal trainer, you probably know that exercise has been shown to increase bone strength, as measured by bone mineral density (BMD), in people of all ages. But did you know that the degree to which exercise improves BMD depends on a variety of factors, including age, reproductive hormone status, nutritional status and the nature of the exercise?Read More
With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives
After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.
Just when you think there is no way athletes can break current records, they do—and the athletes doing so get younger and younger. At one time NBA draft picks who had yet to finish college grabbed all the headlines, but now teenage players like LeBron James sell out college and pro arenas across the country…Read More
Walking Intensity and Bone Mineral Density
Fogleman, K.M., Borer, K.T., & Sowers, M.R. 2003. Walking intensity stimulates increases in BMD in post-menopausal women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35 (5, Supplement), Abstract 95.
Menopause is often associated with a loss in bone mineral density (BMD). Although exercise has been shown to increase BMD in postmenopausal women, the exact mechanism is presently unclear, as are the intensity and types of exercise that will elicit this response.
“I can’t believe how sore I am from that workout you gave me the other day,” your new client laments as she warms up for her training session. “I can hardly lift my arms and I’m not sure I can do anything today,” she complains. Sound familiar? Generally, individuals of all fitness levels experience delayed-onset…Read More
By Catherine Fiscella, MS
Golfing After Total Hip Replacement
Understanding this surgery and how to tailor a postrehab training program for it will prepare you and your active client for success.
ach year, more than 850,000 total hip replacements are performed worldwide. The number continues to grow, and the patient population continues to diversify. According to the American Ac…Read More
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, falls account for the highest number of accidental injury deaths in adults 65 years and older. To address this concern, more and more fitness facilities are offering balance training for their older members. Should you?Read More
A new study indicates that older women who consume too much vitamin A may increase their risk of hip fracture. Researchers found that women with the highest total intake of vitamin A, from both fortified food and multivitamin supplements, had double the risk of hip fracture compared to women with the lowest intake. The study appeared in the January 2, 2002, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.Read More
By Greg Roskopf, MA
When Clients Feel Pain
How can you identify muscle imbalances that contribute to discomfort or distress?
s personal fitness trainers, we recognize our role as specialists in exercise maintenance. On a daily basis, we set up exercise programs designed to help our clients reach their fitness goals. With the educational background and the skills we possess, trai…Read More
How do I handle an in-class injury? I know the injured person needs immediate attention, but what are the logistics of dealing with the rest of the group? How can I be responsible to both the class and the injured person? Any ideas that will keep me out of legal hot water plus handle the situation effectively?Read More
By Paula Anderson, MS
The Active Range Warm-Up:
Getting Hotter With Time
n the early days of group fitness when everyone wore leg warmers and exercised to Jane Fonda tapes, the warm-up portion of a typical cardio conditioning class included moves borrowed from ballet, jazz dance and yoga. Unending head turns, pli…Read More