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Injury / Injury Prevention

Injury Prevention: Group Strength

Strength training has long been a popular component of group fitness programs. With a wide variety of styles to choose from, participation is high. According to the 2006 IDEA Fitness Programs & Equipment Survey, 77% of respondents reported offering group strength training clas…

KO’ing Bone Fractures with Vitamins

Past research studies have suggested that a low intake of vitamin K may be linked to an increased rate of bone fractures. Researchers in Japan recently examined numerous randomized, controlled trials to determine what role vitamin K supplementation might play in this association.

Men Keep Bone Benefits From Early Exercise

Men who participate in sports activities in their late teens enjoy bone-building benefits that stick around for years. This is the case even if they stop training, according to a study published in the August issue of The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (2006; 91 [7], 2600–2604).
Physical activity is known to increase bone mineral density (BMD), which …

Pilates Effective for Low-Back Pain

Low-back pain is the most common cause of job-related disability in the United States, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Among neurological ailments, only headache is more prevalent. As a mind-body exercise professional, you no doubt encounter numerous clients with varying degrees of low-back discomfort.
Recent research support…

Activate and Stabilize

Use modified Pilates exercises in your class. Many group fitness instructors use traditional Pilates exercises in the core-conditioning sections of their classes.

Helping Upper-Trapezius Pain

Does your upper back ever feel tight, as though you have “knots” in it? You may have an upper-trapezius strain, a common repetitive stress injury (RSI). An RSI is a condition usually caused by placing too much stress or strain on a joint or musculoskeletal tissue. RSIs are often associated with performing recurring motions, whether on a computer, on the telephone or in a sports a…

If a Client Comes to You With an Injury, How do You Handle the Situation?

If a potential or new client has an injury, I won’t work with her without written medical clearance from her doctor—preferably the doctor who treated her for the injury. I also recommend that the client first get physical therapy (if she has not already), so she is better educated on the “dos and don’ts” of her specific situation and more ready for mai…

A Knee Up to Play

Casey walks slowly to the edge of the pool, scars from his three knee surgeries visible on his legs. Within moments, the 6-foot 5-inch, 265-pound linebacker is running in the water. His personal fitness trainer (PFT) adjusts the water depth and gradually progresses the impact to prepare Casey for a safe and comfortable return to gravity-based activity. The athlete practices specific sport…

Create a Pilates Conditioning Program for Golfers

Golf. Even the name of this sport evokes a sense of calm and leisure, played out on a quiet field in front of a hushed crowd. Yet every golfer knows that golf is a sport that only looks easy. In fact, golf requires muscular strength, joint flexibility, neuromuscular training and the perfect balance between mobility and stability. The game hinges on the ever-important golf swing, a …

A Fall Prevention Program

Falls can be serious at any age, often causing ligamentous sprains or injury to bones and soft tissue. In addition, the inevitable decrease in overall physical activity during the recovery period can lead to other unfavorable consequences. The temporary inactivity may be a minor setback for young people, but for seniors it can result in losses in muscle mass, endurance and functional rang…

The Elbow Joint

Anatomy Review

The elbow is a “hinge” joint formed by the distal end of the humerus and the proximal ends of the radius and ulna bones. The elbow moves into flexion and extension. The trochlea and capitulum of the humerus articulate with the trochlear notch of the ulna and the radial head, respectively.
The specific articulations of the elbo…

Injury Prevention: Pilates

Pilates is one of the fastest-growing mind-body offerings and is practiced daily by millions of Americans. In any growing fitness trend that has a rush of new participants, there is also a rush of injuries—and Pilates is no exception. The media tout Pilates as a gentle, nonim…

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