Many studies have shown that maintaining or increasing muscular strength and endurance throughout the lifespan is important for preventing disease, maintaining health and preserving the ability to perform normal life activities. Knowing how to measure a client’s strength and endurance allows the personal fitness trainer (PFT) to establish baseline values in order to design an effec…Read More
Pretrained postmenopausal women gain more strength from multiple-set protocols than from single-set training, according to a study published in last November’s Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2004; 18 , 689–94).
Researchers from the University of Erlangen, Germany, examined 71 subjects, who were randomly assigned to begin with 12 weeks of the single…
Every experienced instructor knows the multitasking involved when teaching to multiple levels in one class. Teaching resistance training to a class requires the skill of several personal trainers all wrap-ped into one instructor. Within a year or two, I predict, we will see “leveled” group strength training classes just as we have “beginning, intermediate and advanced” classes for other workout modes. But until then we have to deal with a wide range of abilities, strengths and goals—and what a challenge that can be!Read More
How many times have you
heard students say, “I just don’t have
time to do strength training and yoga” or
“I’d like to try yoga, but I don’t think I can be still for that long”? Take away their excuses with an inspired combination. By adding resistance exercises to yoga,
you create a more active and results-oriented class. This time-efficient format appeals to participants who want both strength and flexibility benefits in one stop.
Numerous recreational exercisers complete their
cardiovascular and strength training workouts either during the same training session or within hours of each other. This sequential exercise regime is referred to as “concurrent training.” The question often asked of personal fitness trainers (PFTs) is whether performing cardiovascular exercise prior to strength training will compromise the strength training performance. A recent publication by Sporer and Wenger (2003) addresses this question, as well as some related training issues.
If you train elderly clients, you’re aware that preventing falls is a key motivation for them to exercise. Now there’s news that the elderly can tolerate high-force eccentric strength training and that it can decrease their risk for falls, according to research in the May 2003 issue of The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences (vol. 58, pp. 419-24).Read More
With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives
After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.
Walking Intensity and Bone Mineral Density
Fogleman, K.M., Borer, K.T., & Sowers, M.R. 2003. Walking intensity stimulates increases in BMD in post-menopausal women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35 (5, Supplement), Abstract 95.
Menopause is often associated with a loss in bone mineral density (BMD). Although exercise has been shown to increase BMD in postmenopausal women, the exact mechanism is presently unclear, as are the intensity and types of exercise that will elicit this response.
Strength Training and Postexercise Metabolism Schuenke, M.D., Mikat, R.P., & McBride, J.M. 2002. Effect of an acute period of resistance exercise on excess postexercise oxygen consumption: Implications for body mass management. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 86, 411. Background. Studies have shown that metabolism remains elevated for hours following resistance exercise, but no trials have…Read More
Weight training is an extremely beneficial form of exercise but can be confusing if you’ve never done it. Jason R. Karp, MS, PhD student, college lecturer and track and field coach, answers frequently asked questions to start you on the right track. (Ask a personal trainer to set up a program specifically for you.)Read More
Inactivity is taking its toll on human beings. As fitness professionals, we are keenly aware that society is fascinated with the human body—with losing fat, specifically—and yet, getting people to exercise is still a major obstacle. Obesity, a significant and growing health problem, has been associated with heart disease, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and hyperinsulinemia, among…Read More
Strength training is finally getting the attention it deserves as a beneficial, safe and effective exercise for women. After years of misinformation, women are learning that strength training not only enhances muscle tone but also boosts metabolism, augments fat oxidation and reduces injury risk. Fitness instructors can make the most of this newfound awareness by…Read More
ACSM has issued a new Position Stand advising fitness professionals on the proper way to add load or resistance to an existing weight training regimen. “Progression Models in Resistance Training for Healthy Adults” was published in the February issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.Read More
Every day, fitness professionals are faced with a multitude of questions—on topics ranging from losing weight to rehabilitating injuries. While it is difficult to know all the answers, providing clients with ready responses can be a testament to your professional credibility. This article addresses some of the more popular questions clients ask and provides the information you need to answer them quickly.Read More
By Leigh Crews
Group Resistance Training:
Guidelines and Safety Suggestions
Editor’s note: This article is the fifth of a five-part series on guidelines and safety suggestions for various group fitness modalities. The genesis for these articles is you, the IDEA member. In our most recent readership survey, 100 percent of respondents said they wanted to see more space in IDEA publications devoted …
By Karen Asp, MA
Get Tough With Tubing
ith so much new equipment emerging all the time, it’s easy to forget about those tried-and-true elastic tubes and bands. But guess what? They are making a strong comeback in group fitness classes. And for a good reason: Used well, they really work! If you review a few principles and get a creative jumpstart, you can rediscover elastic resistanc…Read More
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