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Wet workout

By IDEA Authors | May 7, 2007 |

When you think of using the pool for fitness, you probably imagine swimmers doing laps. Although swimming is a fantastic workout, it's time to rethink the pool as another frontier of fitness, a liquid athletic training ground, if you will.So say goodbye to aqua aerobics, and make way for a new generation of water-based classes.This summer, instructors across the country have been exp…

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More expert advice on pumping iron

By IDEA Authors | May 6, 2007 |

Diving headfirst into your fitness resolutions for the year, you might have told your friends you really just want to improve your overall health.But let's be honest. Women want a tight rear and lean, muscular legs.Men want a barrel chest and arms like a rolled roast.Both men and women want six-pack abs.We've put together a few ways to attack those areas – chest, ar…

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Optimizing RPM

By Lenita Anthony, MA | April 30, 2007 |

If you teach indoor cycling, you’ve probably led some type of cadence drill. Have you ever explored cadence beyond that? The cycling term used for pedaling speed, cadence refers to the number of crank revolutions per minute (rpm). While
cadence alone cannot reflect effort, it is
a critical variable that cyclists use to
manipulate intensity and efficiency. Small computer…

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Aerobic and Resistance Training Sequence

By Len Kravitz, PhD | March 31, 2007 |

Drummond, M.J., et al. 2005. Aerobic and resistance exercise sequence affects excess postexercise oxygen consumption. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19 (2), 332–37.

Combining aerobic exercise and resistance training in the same workout session, a technique referred to as concurrent training, can be a time-efficient training metho…

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Don’t Be Hypersensitive About Hypertension

By Joy Keller | October 31, 2006 |

If you have older-adult clients or class participants who are afraid to exercise because of mild high blood pressure, a Johns Hopkins study may ease their concerns. Research results on 104 men and women ages 55–75 showed that a moderate program of physical exertion had no ill effects on the heart’s ability to pump blood, nor did the activity produce a harmful increase in heart size….

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Tai Chi vs. Brisk Walking for Older Adults

By Shirley Archer, JD, MA | October 31, 2006 |

When older adults lose muscle tone and their balance starts to deteriorate, a simple mishap like tripping over a rug or losing their footing as they go to the bathroom during the night can turn into a tragedy. Among Americans who break a hip when they are 50 or older—about 300,000 people per year—24% die within 12 months, according to the National Osteoporosis Founda…

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Trail Running

By Pam Pedlow, MHK, MES, CSCS | October 31, 2004 |

There has been a surge in the popularity of fitness running. It seems that nearly every major city in the world hosts not only its own marathon but also related events, spanning 1K kids’ fun runs to 10Ks and half marathons. In addition, attendance at road races (especially for first timers) and at running clinics is increasing. While many of these clinics do a very good job of training and motivating participants to “go the distance,” very few of them truly address running-specific strength training.

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The Effect of Concurrent Training

By Len Kravitz, PhD | February 29, 2004 |

Numerous recreational exercisers complete their
cardiovascular and strength training workouts either during the same training session or within hours of each other. This sequential exercise regime is referred to as “concurrent training.” The question often asked of personal fitness trainers (PFTs) is whether performing cardiovascular exercise prior to strength training will compromise the strength training performance. A recent publication by Sporer and Wenger (2003) addresses this question, as well as some related training issues.

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Training Clients With Arthritis

By Kristine Clark, PhD, RD | January 31, 2004 |

With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives

After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.


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Get Creative With Circuits

By Len Kravitz, PhD | June 1, 2003 |

Inactivity is taking its toll on human beings. As fitness professionals, we are keenly aware that society is fascinated with the human body—with losing fat, specifically—and yet, getting people to exercise is still a major obstacle. Obesity, a significant and growing health problem, has been associated with heart disease, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and hyperinsulinemia, among…

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Optimize Endurance Training

By Lance Dalleck, PhD | December 31, 2002 |

OOne of your clients, a recreational runner, tells you that she has just registered for a 10K road race and would appreciate your input in designing a training program. Wanting to optimize her endurance training, you do some background research and discover that lactate threshold is the best predictor of endurance performance. However, in your reading, ventilatory threshold, anaerobic threshold and other obscure terms are cited as the same physiological event. Intrigued but confused, you wonder what all of these terms mean.

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