Overeating, Indulgence Tied to Positive Emotions

by Sandy Todd Webster on Aug 22, 2013

Food for Thought

Which is more likely to send you head first into a big bowl of mac and cheese or your favorite dessert (or both?): a really good day or a really bad day?

Contrary to the idea that negative emotions drive people to overeat or to indulge their cravings, a recent three- part study that appeared in Appetite (2013; 68, 1–7) has shown, surprisingly, that positive emotions can influence eating indulgences as much as—or more than—negative emotions.

The abstract indicates that two labo- ratory studies were conducted in which positive emotions or no emotions were induced (Study 1) or, in addition, nega- tive emotions were induced (Study 2), after which unhealthy food intake was assessed by bogus taste tests. Study 3 was a 7-day diary study, in which food intake was assessed after subjects reg- istered their snack intake along with the emotions accompanying each snacking episode.

Studies 1 and 2 showed that positive emotions evoked more caloric intake than the control condition (no emotions). Dietary restraint did not moderate this effect. The second study additionally showed that positive emotions evoked as much caloric intake as did negative emotions. Study 3 showed that snack intake in daily life resulted from positive emotions more frequently than from neg- ative emotions.

The authors concluded, “Positive emotions serve as an important but under-investigated trigger for unhealthy food intake that deserves further scru- tiny. Future research should . . . inves- tigate whether food intake results from emotional arousal in general, or from emotional valence [degree of attraction or aversion] in particular.”

Want more from Sandy Todd Webster?

Fitness Journal, Volume 10, Issue 9

Find the Perfect Job

More jobs, more applicants and more visits than any other fitness industry job board.

© 2013 by IDEA Health & Fitness Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

About the Author

Sandy Todd Webster

Sandy Todd Webster IDEA Author/Presenter

Sandy Todd Webster is Editor in Chief of IDEA's publications, including the award-winning IDEA FITNESS JOURNAL and IDEA FOOD & NUTRITION TIPS, the industry's leading resources for fitness, wellness and nutrition professionals worldwide. Sandy joined IDEA in 2001 as executive editor of IDEA PERSONAL TRAINER and IDEA FITNESS MANAGER magazines and was promoted to lead the editorial team in 2003. More than 20 years in magazine publishing, marketing communications and creative services have shaped her straightforward approach to multi-channel communication. Early experience in Los Angeles as a sports writer/reporter, and then enriching years as a managing editor in allied health care publishing have pulled her across a spectrum of stimulating subject matter. Fitness, health and nutrition reside at the perfect center of this content continuum, she feels. A Chicago native, Sandy grew up fully engaged in various competitive sports. Her drive and dedication as an athlete translate to a disciplined work ethic and unwavering approach to challenge in her career. Shortly after graduating journalism school from Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, she was recruited to L.A. for her first post in magazine publishing. After two decades of working on magazines--and now in the throes of applying the unbelieveable multi-media content delivery options available in the magazine 2.0 world--she is still "completely in love" with the creative process it takes to deliver meaningful, inspirational content to end users. She is an accomplished home cook and gardner who would love to combine those skills and passions with her health and fitness background to continue educating readers about a well-balanced, healthy lifestyle.