I’m am trying to understand better when to use these exercises and when it would not be helpful. I have clients who have shoulder issues. I want to be sure I pick the right exercises for the right issue. Also, the issue of neck pain came up when I tried some of these exercises. So therefore should we avoid those?
Good answers. When there’s pain my first counsel is to consult with a physician and/or physical therapist to determine the etiology of the problem. From there it should be possible to make a decision regarding which exercises are acceptable and which are contraindicated. I agree with the suggestions that not performing overhead exercises and exercises that put the shoulders in external rotation (squats with a barbell behind the neck, as Harris suggests) should be avoided.