Hi Matthew. I love this question since I do a lot of power development work with my athlete clients. I responded to a similar question with these responses:
Squats with MB backwards toss
Fast Squats with OH Press (tube)
All of the Olympic Lifts
Any exercise involving “releasing” the weight (think of weighted throws)
Although you really didn’t ask the question, the prerequisite to establishing power is establishing strength. Develop a good base of strength first and the power work will be more effective and less prone to injury.
I would like to inject that proper progression is absolutely necessary for power/explosive training. And recovery is probably the most important aspect of such training.
And personally I like to use a variety of resistance systems to apply the load for this type of training. Resistance that is designed to increase load and then decrease load smoothly through the execution of the movement. There are a lot of ways to do this. And that is something that I teach CECs on that can be introductory, 4 to 8 hours. Or very deep, 40 to 60 hours.
If you are interested in what I am talking about, check out my website, www.hawaiifitnessacademy.com . You can contact me through the website if you want more information.