A SLAP tear is a specific injury to the shoulder. The labrum tissue helps keep your arm bone in the shoulder socket. SLAP stands for superior labrum anterior to posterior. It refers to the part of the labrum that is injured or torn.
The rotator cuff is a group of tendons and their related muscles (supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and the teres major) that cover the shoulder joint. The rotator cuff muscles help move and stabilize the shoulder joint. Tears to the rotator cuff muscles and their ligaments can occur because of injury, chronic overuse and aging. A tear results in pain and a limited ROM of the shoulder joint.