doing a fitness course and struggling to answers this question I said he probably needs to work on other fitness aspect like resistance training and flexibility because his cardio is obviously good. What other needs and expectations do you think he needs?? Also what sort of limitations would their be for a young 25 year old male already doing some exercise??
Good thoughts from others…
I would add…
After a thorough physical assessment looking at multiple components of strength, mobility, conditioning, injury/health history, co-ordination, balance, etc. I would assess the style of running this athlete is using and how that holds up over an extended period of time. I would also be interested in knowing how the metabolism is supporting this style and efficiency of running.
From there it would be nice to discuss principles of movement, namely the necessity to assess and reassess multiple components of athleticism to ensure long tern health and safety. For a runner foot strength is essential since the foot and ankle provide up to 80% of the power in the running pattern based upon form. If the feet break down then the superior anatomical components will begin to take more load and perhaps cause and injury. The integration of the bodies systems in this case would be muscles, bones, nerves, lungs and heart is essential, especially if superior athletic performance is desired. Of course, the stability of the spine and core are essential with optimal range of movement through the limbs to prevent unnecessary internal resistance. Finally, I would coach on beginning from the inside and working out; meaning developing breathing patterns from a stationary supine position and progressing through low impact movements that mimic the running stride. There are many modalities that would support this philosophy including waterwork, ballwork, and footwork.
Let me know if you need any help in the future.
His program will depend on the type of race he is looking to participate at (short or long distance, triathlon, obstacle course, etc.). As for what he can improve the answer can be long or a short one depending on his limitations and imbalances. Diet can also be another thing he might need to work at.
it appears that this is not a real client situation but a question on a test, and you have no way of talking to this person.
Strength and flexibility are good starting points. A 25 years old man should not have any limitation on what he can do as long as he has no health issues. A musculoskeletal screening is still necessary to identify imbalances.
I would start with his goals–what is it that he wants to accomplish? Another race, a well balanced program? Then, sprinkle in what he needs, such as strength and flexibility. Along with Nancy’s suggestion, I would also add core strength and determine if he has any weaknesses or imbalances.
However, you are the best one to determine his needs…