I received a disturbing email just today from a concerned blog reader. She sent the following email through Fitness Connect. “The FACT you have on your page about supplements being unregulated is false. Go to the FDA webpage and read about the DSHEA Act of 1994 and the regulation of dietary supplements. You are misinforming your readers!”
It is very, very important to me that my readers are served in the best way I can serve them. Considering that this person did not offer any professional credentials to me, or offer any reason why she is qualified to make such a judgment, I have decided to leave this issue up to the very qualified, and verified fitness professionals on IDEA ANSWERS. Help me out here. The blog and fact she is referring to can be found here: http://blog.ideafit.com/blogs/marlan-eller/supplements-what-your-persona……
The information that this concerned individual has addressed with me can be found here: http://www.fda.gov/food/dietarysupplements/default.htm
In addition to the fda.gov link, please read the frequently requested information questions that are related to this issue. These can be found below the information on DSHEA. The two questions of concern to me are “What is FDA’s role in regulating dietary supplements versus the manufacturer’s responsibility for marketing them?” and “Who has the responsibility for ensuring that a dietary supplement is safe?” Clicking on these questions will lead you to an “Overview of Dietary Supplements.” I suggest strongly that everyone read this (The FDA position) before offering an opinion.
I would like to discuss this matter in depth, and if possible, come to a group consensus about this matter once and for all (have I misinformed my readers? OR is further clarification needed when I address these matters?). I will share my view on this after there have been answers posted. I want to get a fair assessment from the professional community with the information at hand.
Thank you, in advance, for your thoughtful responses. Please don’t hold back, but keep it professional. It’s very important to me that my information accurate, and if I have erred here, I need to know how to correct it. I am trusting you all with helping me to correct any misinformation that might be being disseminated on my part.
The following information is from the textbook “Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition.” The authors are Heather Hedrick Fink, Lisa A. Burgoon and Alan E. Mikesky.
“A dietary supplement as defined by the DSHEA of 1994 is a product (than tobacco) intended to supplement the diet that contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients: vitamin, mineral, herb or other botanical, amino acid, dietary substance to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake, concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract, or a combination of any of the above ingredients. Dietary supplements are not intended to be used as a food or as a sole item of a meal or diet, and these products must be labeled as a dietary supplement.”
“Under DSHEA the supplement manufacturer is responsible for the safety of the product. However, the supplement manufacturer is not required to test its products for safety, nor does it have to prove that the supplement does what it claims to do.”
In response to the question posed in the textbook, “What are the regulations governing dietary supplements?”
“Supplements are not drugs. Drugs are intended to cure, treat or prevent disease. Drugs must undergo extensive studies of safety and effectiveness, drug interactions, and dosing effects and must have formal FDA approval prior to marketing the product. On the other hand, dietary supplements do not have to undergo any studies on safety or efficacy prior to entering the market. Supplements are also not food additives, which require testing prior to entering the food marketplace. Dietary supplements containing any new ingredient do not require testing. The manufacturer gathers and interprets safety and efficacy information, and them must submit the product and safety information, and the must submit the product and safety information to the FDA 75 days prior to marketing the product. After the 75-day waiting period the supplement can be placed on the market. However, the FDA does not approve the new ingredient. New supplements that do not contain any new ingredients do not have to submit anything to the FDA prior to marketing the product.”
Please excuse this lengthy post, however, I hope it is helpful to you.