Alice – thank you for your question. With one the the Fitness Industry’s main populations being the older adult as well as children having less physical activity and poor nutritional habits, this topic has huge implications. As Hugo has alluded to above, increasing the force placed on the tissues & structures will be important and necessary for increasing bone tissue.
Now, depending on who your population is will determine what type of force you should use. It will also be important to progress someone into higher forces based upon their level of ability and, for compliance, you should choose exercises that match their behavior patterns and personality. These are specific topics addressed in the PTA Global educational courses.
If working with young adults or teens, using games and activities that involve ‘jumping’ like jump rope, have been shown to have a significant impact on increasing bone health. However, for an older adult, this may not work so well. In this case, the use of whole body vibration has been shown to have very significant impact on bone tissue health. In fact whole body vibration is one the best known stimuli to address osteopenia / osteoporosis. Here is a link to research article:
While there is also much more info dealing with hormonal profiles – keeping a client / person in a more anabolic state, the above will get you started and I am sure there will be some experts jump on to discuss the importance of nutrition and lifestyle to help you as well.
Thank you again for taking time to post and I hope this has helped you in some way.
Rodney Corn 😉