I am looking for ideas of how to design a strength program for a volleyball athlete with scoliosis. How much free weights should be used in comparison with machines? What exercises should not be used? What exercises work well? I appreciate the help in understanding how to help my athlete. Thank you.
First and foremost, I’d suggest a clearance from a doctor, with a list of any contraindications.
Paul gave a great answer.
As someone suggested in this thread
take a look at the person with tight fitting clothing (women) or shirtless (men) so you can see the curvature to know exactly what muscles are apt to be pulling the spine into the curve and might and what muscles are lengthened away from the curve. Even if corrective exercise isn’t in your scope of practice, knowing which way the spine is going and how far away from typical it has strayed can help your athlete understand his or her body better in movement.