I have a client who has fused ankle (no dorsiflexion or plantarflexion). She has a doctor’s release to exercise but no plyometric movements or anything that would “bang” the ankle. She needs to lose weight to fit into the wedding dress she bought for her son’s wedding in August. What type of exercises would you do, specifically cardio?
Swimming is a good choice. It can be done for fitness without the focus on improving ability. But make sure that form does not compromise the shoulders.
Aquatic deep water exercise is probably even better. Highly adaptable, no stress on the ankle, very therapuetic for the body (all tissues and systems), and widely available access.
I utilize aquatic exercise for clients from seniors/post rehab to collegiate/elite athletes. This along with a well designed resistance training program will be very beneficial.
I teach CEC courses on aquatic fitness, “Beyond Basic H2O” and “HIH2O” (high intensity water exercise). There is so much that can be done and undone using this medium for fitness. It very underrated. Personally, I would say that I would be only half as functional without it.