Wrestling, Football, Most Injurious High-School Sports
Engaging in team sports may help high-school students lead more active lifestyles. But depending on the sport, your teen may also be at greater risk for injury. Of all high-school sports, football and wrestling are the most injurious, according to recent research. In a first-of-its-kind study, published in the September issue of the American Journal of Sports Medicine (2009; 37 , 1798–1805), scientists examined severe injuries among students from 2005 to 2007. Football players experienced the greatest number of injuries, followed by wrestlers and female basketball players. The most common sites for injury were the knee, ankle and shoulder.
“Not only does injury limit sport participation immediately; it can also impede the ability to be competitive in a sport for the long term,” states Peter Twist, MSc, owner of Twist Conditioning. Twist adds that those looking to safeguard young athletes against injury should address four major factors in a training program:
Balance. Challenging balance safely in the training environment builds muscles that comply with the mind’s commands, enhances body awareness and speeds up reaction time when balance is disturbed in a sport situation.
Deceleration. The majority of injuries occur when athletes are stopping or decelerating. Those who learn to share force absorption over multiple joints will reduce injury potential. Activities that combine fast foot patterns with direction change will help improve an athlete’s ability to decelerate safely.
Core. The core musculature plays a significant role in controlling momentum of the appendages. Incorporate core stabilization using standing closed-kinetic-chain stance challenges.
Weak Links. Repetitive motions can increase the potential for strains and injuries. To reduce muscle imbalances, incorporate whole-body conditioning into your athlete’s program.
For more information on training youth athletes, check out the following articles:
- “Trainability of Children” by Gregory S. Anderson, PhD, and Peter Twist, MSc, March 2005 IDEA Fitness Journal
- “Trainability of Children (Part 2)” by Gregory S. Anderson, PhD, and Peter Twist, MSc, October 2005 IDEA Fitness Journal
- “Identifying, Understanding and Training Youth Athletes” by Peter Twist, MSc, and Janice Hutton, MA, September 2007 IDEA Fitness Journalmedia morsels
For the latest research, statistics, sample classes, and more, "Like" IDEA on Facebook here.
© 2010 by IDEA Health & Fitness Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.
IDEA Newsletter Sign-up
|Extreme Interval Training
In this course you'll learn goal-focused intervals and over 50 dynamic exercises and drills to create extensive and intensive training formats.
|Cut to the Core
This is a raw, unedited video filmed live at the 2009 IDEA World Fitness Convention™. Cut to the Core is packed full of core-focused exercises that aim to improve the way you look, feel and live.
|September 2011 IDEA Fitness Journal Quiz 4: Plyometric Training
This continuing education quiz is an in-depth look at plyometric training. Plyometric exercises—jumping, bounding, hopping, arm pushing, and catching and throwing weighted objects such as machine balls—are movements that involve rapid eccentric and concentric muscle actions.