Although many diabetics take steps to ensure that their disease does not lead to complications such as blindness and amputation or even premature death, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would like to see more do so. Health officials remind people with diabetes to have an annual foot exam to check their feet for sores (which could indicate poor circulation), have an annual eye exam, check their blood sugar levels daily and be vaccinated annually against the flu and pneumonia (which can harm diabetics more acutely than others).
If you use your car to go to your clients’ homes to train, you’ll find this news most useful in preparing your tax return: The standard mileage rate has been increased by 6 percent, from 34 1/2 cents per mile to 36 1/2 cents per mile, for 2002. Of course, this deduction may be applied only to those miles traveled for your personal personal training business; miles traveled in commuting to train at some other employer’s facility may not. Consult your accountant or another tax expert to make sure that you qualify.
Nuts are rich in fiber, magnesium and unsaturated fat—nutrients known to decrease insulin resistance. Indeed, a 16-year study of 83,818 women ages 34 to 59 suggests that eating either a tablespoon of peanut butter or an ounce of peanuts or other nuts five times per week may reduce women’s risk of type 2 diabetes by 20 to 30 percent. Frank Hu, MD, PhD, one of the researchers on the study, says that, to avoid increasing caloric intake, one can substitute peanut butter and nuts for refined grain products or red or processed meats. Peanut butter can also be used instead of butter or cream cheese.
To provide a foundation for future breakthroughs in nutrition, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) has launched an enlightening Web site at www.nns.nih.gov. On this Web site are not only speeches, articles and initiatives from the May 2000 National Nutrition Summit but also a full report and executive summary from the historic 1969 White House Conference on Food, Nutrition and Health. The ODS hopes that physicians, researchers and lawmakers will use the information on this Web site in addressing future nutrition-related issues.
The omega-3 fatty acids found in many types of fish have been shown to help maintain circulatory health, but young children and pregnant or nursing women should limit their consumption of cold-water fish such as tuna, often contaminated with mercury and other toxins. Fortunately, the eggs of chickens fed omega-3-rich diets provide the same benefits. Nonetheless, those with high triglyceride levels or cardiovascular disease may need to take fish oil supplements as well; because fish oil can influence glucose levels, diabetics must be particularly careful with these supplements.
Last September, a free online fitness resource for trainers, clients and health professionals was launched at www .fitnessmarker.com. Among its various tools are the Fitness Lab, which evaluates fitness professionals’ test results and automatically assesses clients’ body fat, cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, endurance and flexibility; the Health Fair, which streamlines the evaluation process to help increase trainers’ client volume; explanations of fitness protocols for achieving various exercise goals; and exercise and fitness information for special populations.