A source of tension in the Pilates community, as in many movement disciplines, is how to balance traditional training techniques with new, evidence-based principles. Today, Pilates is practiced worldwide as an exercise method for improving performance, promoting well-being and rehabilitating injured bodies. Scientists, for their part, are involved in the ongoing verification of its benefits.
To improve the validity of future studies, researchers from the University of Western Sydney in Penrith, New South Wales, Australia, wanted to determine a consensus understanding of what Pilates is. To this end, they compared definitions of Pilates in studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.
Based on their review of the scientific literature, they proposed a definition of Pilates as “a mind-body exercise that requires core stability, strength, and flexibility, and attention to muscle control, posture, and breathing.” The researchers noted that the only traditional Pilates principle mentioned in studies of people with low-back pain was breathing.
The findings were published in Complementary Therapies in Medicine
(2012; 20, 253–62). Study authors noted that more clinical research was needed to validate the definition.
© 2013 by IDEA Health & Fitness Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.