When it comes to optimal endurance exercise performance, fuel source and utilization play a major role in success. The contribution and expenditure of fats and carbohydrates for the synthesis of ATP (adenosine triphosphate) during exercise are regulated by several factors, including activity, duration and intensity, as well as the person’s age, training status, diet and gender. Proteins contribute a minor 1%–8% of fuel needs during submaximal exercise (Isacco, Duché & Boisseau 2012).
Women who are coping with menopause are looking to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for ways to manage their symptoms, according to a review of surveys conducted between 2000 and 2012 among women worldwide. Researchers from the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine in Daejeon, South Korea, and the University of Exeter in Exeter, United Kingdom, noted that among the 26 surveys identified internationally, many were of poor methodological quality.
Growing evidence supports the use of mind-body therapies—yoga, qigong, tai chi and others—to improve the quality and quantity of sleep for women in midlife.
As many as 40%-50% of women aged 45-60 report that they sleep poorly, and the statistics probably underrepresent the problem, says a review of studies published in the Journal of Holistic Nursing (2013; doi: 10.1177/0898010113493504). Mind-body therapies are modalities that foster the mind’s capacity to affect physical functions and symptoms.
It’s not exactly a new strategy for aiding weight loss, but if you aren’t currently using food journals with clients who are trying to shed pounds, recent research suggests that perhaps you should be. Scientists from the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center summarized the following from their study, which appeared in the July 16 online edition of the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: women who want to lose weight should faithfully keep a food journal and should avoid skipping meals and eating in restaurants—especially at lunch.
1. What hormonal changes are observed in boys and girls at puberty?
At puberty, girls develop more adipose tissue, owing to their estrogen levels, and boys develop more muscle mass, owing to their testosterone levels (Isacco, Duché & Boisseau 2012).
2. What is the menstrual cycle, and what are its distinct phases?
newsletter_teaser: It’s documented that a portion of the population suffers from low self-esteem and body image issues. Some of those individuals may be willing to make significant sacrifices to obtain the “ideal body,” suggests The Succeed Foundation Body Image Survey, which included 320 women from 20 British universities.
When you’re developing weight loss programs for niche populations, it may be important to understand the role that environment plays in successful outcomes. One example comes from the Journal of Black Psychology (2012; 38 , 81–103). The study’s primary goal was to determine compliance among 55 overweight or obese African American women entering obesity treatment. For 13 weeks, 36 of the women were involved in a program held in churches; the other 19 attended a program in a university setting.
Scientists are perpetually uncovering new insights that can help exercise professionals improve the health of female (and male) clients. However, navigating one’s way through research reports can be overwhelming—and often contradictory.