By now everyone knows that lack of exercise and unhealthy eating can cause health problems. A new study released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstrates just how dangerous the problems can be. The study, published in the March 10, 2004, Journal of the American Medical Association, found that deaths due to poor diet and physical inactivity rose by 33 percent (%) over the past decade, and noted that these lifestyle factors may soon overtake tobacco as the leading cause of preventable death.
The sources for the case studies in the first part of this article are case law and anecdotes from industry professionals. Today most cases are settled out of court and therefore never actually create case law. These examples are valuable because they illustrate typical day-to-day areas of risk exposure in personal training. The second part of the article addresses risk-management strategies for each of these concerns.
Case Study: Weight Loss
According to the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, more than 64.5 percent of Americans are obese or overweight (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2003). It's no wonder, then, that many clients cite weight loss as a main goal when starting a new exercise program. As personal trainers, we want our clients to reach their goals quickly and safely. However, results are sometimes hard to achieve, leading to frustration and dropout. A creative approach may be what's needed.
Now I Lay Me
By Susan B. Sterling, EdD, & Crystal Quintana
Down to Sleep . . .
If you're working toward better health and athletic performance, make sleep as important a priority as diet or exercise.
Do you have difficulty falling asleep at night? Once you get to sleep, do you wake up frequently? Do you feel lethargic in the morning? Are you drowsy by mid afternoon and unable ...
If your older clients ate as much healthy food as they wanted, would they still lose weight? Possibly, according to a study in the January 26, 2004, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine that examined 34 older men and women with impaired glucose tolerance.
“Ellen” had great success with her low-carbohydrate diet. She lost 14 pounds in 5 weeks and felt like she was in control. No longer was she a slave to the chocolate chip cookie binge that had been her evening ritual. She was proud that she had exercised every day, waking up muscles she didn’t even know she had.
Do some of your clients want to enjoy the benefits of weight loss without expending any effort? They’re not alone in wishing for the rewards without the work!
A Harris-Weight Watchers survey found that most women believe the greatest payoffs to thinness are better and lasting health, more energy and higher esteem. But the survey also found that general inertia keeps many overweight women from having the thinner body they want. (That’s why they need personal trainers like you!)
Jakicic, J.M., et al. 2003. Effect of exercise duration and intensity on weight loss in overweight, sedentary women. Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), 290 (10), 1323-30.
Study. In a 12-month trial, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh compared the effects of different durations and
intensities of exercise on weight loss and cardiorespiratory fitness in sedentary, overweight women.