According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, back problems accounted for 139 million doctor visits in the United States in 2005 and cost $17.6 billion. With such a prevalence of back pain, it’s more than likely that fitness professionals will come across those suffering from the condition. But research suggests personal trainers may be able to help clients
relieve pain with strength training.
Can eating more protein after a training session help enhance the anabolic effect of resistance exercise? The answer is a qualified “yes,” according to the results
of a small study published in the January issue of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
The researchers observed the effect
of dietary protein intake after six young, healthy men completed an “intense bout” of resistance training that involved the leg muscles. After exercising, the participants ingested different amounts of whole-egg protein (5–40 g).
Ormsbee, M.J., et al. 2007. Fat metabolism and acute resistance exercise in trained men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 102, 1767–72.
Am I burning fat while doing resistance exercise? This is a question that clients regularly ask personal trainers and group fitness instructors. Resistance training, because of its chief role in maintaining and/or increasing lean body mass (muscle), is an essential component of any weight management program.
As the popularity of Nintendo’s exergaming console Wii continues to rise, tales of Wii-
related chronic and acute injuries follow suit. While no hard research has been produced, an Internet search details incidences of black eyes from wayward controllers, elbow tendonitis and even knee dislocations. Help your clients avoid injury with safety tips from tech-savvy IDEA
author and presenter Biray Alsac, MS.
Time constraints and financial burdens have led consumers to search for cost-
effective and efficient methods for achieving health and fitness goals. One modality creating interest is high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) training, which calls for short bursts of intense output followed by short periods of rest or active rest. But are these types of programs effective or simply a trend?
Do slight changes in body position affect muscle activation during strength exercises? The only way to truly know which muscles are used during an exercise is to measure their electrical activity with an electromyogram (EMG), the skeletal muscle equivalent of an electrocardiogram for your heart. Well, guess what? Scientists have done just that. Let’s take a look at how different body positions affect muscle activity during some common weight training exercises.
Teenagers who participate in weight-bearing activities may have stronger bones later in life, suggests a new study in the January 2009 issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Japanese researchers examined the bone structure of 46 postmenopausal women, who were grouped according to their sport participation levels during the physically formative adolescent years (12-18 years).
At the Institute of Human Performance in Boca Raton, Florida, we believe there are many great approaches to strength development and performance enhancement. There is no need to pick sides; all methods of training are effective to some degree. Traditionally, strength and function have been treated as mutually exclusive: stability and core weakness have usually been treated in the rehabilitative or corrective movement setting, while hypertrophy and strength have been trained in the gym.
Want to challenge your clients to see how they rate against exercisers throughout the United States? The President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sport has unveiled a fitness challenge for adults, similar to the one you might remember from grade school. The test examines cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition.