While most fitness professionals are familiar with the basics of energy metabolism, it can be difficult to explain to clients the intricacies of how the body breaks down and uses nutrients to fuel physical activity. For example, can you explain why a greater percentage of fat is burned during low-intensity exercise, when the potential for losing weight is greater if exercise is performed at a higher intensity for an equivalent period of time? Or can you describe why power lifting requires longer rest intervals than circuit training?
Effect of High-Intensity Resistance
Exercise on Elderly Bones
Vincent, K.R., & Braith, R.W. Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34 (1), 17-23.
Every day, fitness professionals are faced with a multitude of questions—on topics ranging from losing weight to rehabilitating injuries. While it is difficult to know all the answers, providing clients with ready responses can be a testament to your professional credibility. This article addresses some of the more popular questions clients ask and provides the information you need to answer them quickly.
By Michael Youssouf, MA, and Mitchell Charap, MD
Despite advances in care, AIDS cases are still on the rise. Learn how fitness professionals can modify training programs to assist clients in different stages of this disease.
TRAINING CLIENTS WITH HIV OR AIDS
made life more manageable for people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the incidence of...
Expert tips on maintaining health and fitness
Strength Training for Women
decade ago most women did not strength train. Today, however, many women have discovered its benefits. Here Patty S. Freedson, PhD, graduate program director in the Exercise Science Department at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, answers commonly asked questions women have about resistance trainin...
By Carrie Myers Smith
Postmastectomy clientele need personal trainer expertise and specific exercises to restore their vital function and reinforce self-confidence.
ccording to the American Cancer Society, this year an estimated 192,000 women will be diagnosed with new cases of breast cancer. Almost all of these women will undergo some form of breast surg...
By Len Kravitz, PhD
Exercise and Resting Blood Pressure
igh blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a major health problem affecting 43 million Americans--approximately 24 percent of the U.S. population (Kelley & Kelley 2000). High blood pressure kills more than 37,000 Americans each year and contributes to the deaths of 700,000 individuals (Neiman 1998). It is define...
B Y J E F F R E Y M . J A N OT, M S, A N D L E N K R AV I T Z , P H D
Maxim izing Functional Abilities in the Older Adult
A research review comparing the benefits of resistance versus cardiovascular training.
What is the biggest challenge facing our nation's health care system in this new century?
Some might guess it is finding a cure for ravaging diseases, such as cancer, or meeting the l...
By Jeff M. Reynolds and Len Kravitz, PhD
Resistance Training and EPOC
fter cardiovascular exercise or weight training, the body continues to need oxygen at a higher rate than before the exercise began. This sustained oxygen consumption is known as excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). Originally referred to as oxygen debt, this postexercise state was first hypothesized ...
BY JESSICA SMITH, ME
How to encourage safe and effective resistance exercise in all your female clients.
Strength Training for Women
It is no secret that strength training is one of the most popular activities in fitness facilities today. According to one estimate by the International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association, the number of adults training with weights has increased by 75 perc...