Knowing how clients view their health status may be useful if you are trying to help them improve health by making positive lifestyle changes. A recent study shows that some African Americans believe they are in good health despite being over-weight or hypertensive.
The study, published in Ethnicity & Disease (2014; 24, 97–103), followed 1,077 members of African Methodist Episcopal churches in South Carolina. Subjects were participants in a faith-based physical activity and nutrition intervention.
Many older adults who break a hip contend with physical limitations even after rehabilitation. According to researchers led by Nancy K. Latham, PhD, PT, of Boston University in Massachusetts, a home-based exercise program may offer a way to reduce those limitations and improve strength and mobility.
Many young athletes dream of earning a scholarship to play their sport of choice at a reputable college or university. To realize that dream, they will often train extensively. Recent research found that hard training while young may lead to significant physical problems later in life.
Having a positive outlook as we age may not only be related to mood; it may also be reflected in our physical well-being. A large longitudinal study of 3,199 men and women aged 60 and older in Great Britain has revealed a relationship between happiness and better physical function.
It seems that debit card purchases promote the same type of frivolity in children as in adults, but when cards are swiped to pay for school lunches, the impact goes deeper than just free spending. Kids’ food choices also become foolish, according to a study that appeared in the January issue of Obesity (2014; 22 , 24–26).
Since older adults are so diverse in their abilities, fitness levels, health conditions and interests, it is not realistic to use one assessment battery for everyone. However, a thorough review of each older-adult client’s health status—including current health conditions, past surgeries/injuries, medications and goals—is appropriate. This information helps determine which types of assessments an individual may need, as well as which particular assessments to perform.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when plaque accumulates in the arteries of the legs. Reduced blood flow and loss of oxygen in the tissues beyond the obstruction cause localized muscular pain, or claudication, especially during exercise (Bulmer & Coombes 2004; Womack & Gardner 2003).
According to the Food Research and Action Center website, one quarter of U.S. children aged 2–5 are overweight or obese. Researchers from the University of Illinois, Urbana, believe they have identified the top risk factors for preschool-age obesity.
The investigators surveyed 329 parent-child pairs, asking about demographics, health histories and feeding habits. There were also home visits in which assistants gathered height and weight measurements.
In last month’s issue of IDEA Fitness Journal, we reported that a significant number of older women spend much of the day in sedentary behavior. A new study looks at the relationship between sedentary living and mortality risk in a similar population