Significant research [that has been reported in this column] supports the role of moderate exercise as an adjunctive ther- apy for adults with depression. New research shows that these same benefits may be available for teens who suffer from this condition.
Women We know that regular exercise can provide a variety of significant benefits. However, a recent study has discov- ered that older women have not been inspired to become more active.
Published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (2013: 310 , 2562– 63), the study included 7,247 women (average age, 71). Each participant was given an accelerometer to wear for 7 days. The women were then asked to complete a diary detail- ing which days they wore the accelerometers and for how long.
New research from the University of Navarra in Spain shows that exercise can have a significant positive impact on older seniors.
Scientists recruited 24 adults aged 91–96 and divided them into a nonexercise control group and a “multicomponent” exercise group. The primary focus was to learn how exercise would impact “muscle power output, muscle mass, and muscle tissue attenuation; the risk of falls; and functional outcomes in frail nonagenarians.”
What makes us weaken with age? The prime culprit is sarcopenia—age-related loss of muscle mass, strength, power and function (Sayer et al. 2013; Morley 2012). Morley (2012) says 5%–13% of 60- to 70-year-olds and 11%–50% of people in their 80s have sarcopenia, which means “poverty of flesh.”
Many experts believe that long-term healthy behaviors are more likely to take hold when developed at a young age. According to researchers from Bogotá, Colombia, learning those behaviors from Sesame Street characters might be one way to get young kids on the right track.
Older Asian adults in New York City’s Chinatown and Flushing, Queens, are getting a new lease on life thanks to a program offered by the Hospital for Special Surgery.
The primary focus of the program is to improve bone health among participants. According to research presented at the 2013 American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, this population is at great risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
The top titans of exercise—resistance exercise and cardiovascular exercise—continue to duke it out for the title of best fitness protocol. When it comes to obese girls, researchers believe they have a champion: cardio.
To determine this outcome, the researchers recruited 44 obese girls, aged 12–18, and assigned them to RE, CE or a nonexercise control group for 3 months. Measures included body weight, waist circumference, oral glucose, insulin sensitivity, body fat, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and more.
Young athletes have a significant risk of injury. A recent study questioned whether specific factors could be associated with increased levels of risk.
Presented at the
2013 American Academy
of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition in Orlando, Florida, the study featured 1,206 athletes aged 8–18. Participants completed a questionnaire that asked about sports specialization; stage of puberty; and height and weight. Researchers collected the same data on the athletes every 6 months for 3 years.
“People say, 'I'm going to sleep now,' as if it were nothing,” said comedian George Carlin. “But it's really a bizarre activity. For the next several hours, while the sun is gone, I'm going to become unconscious, temporarily losing command over everything I know and understand. When the sun returns, I will resume my life.”