According to a report from the British Medical Journal (2012; 344; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj/e2672), 25%–74% of the world’s 50 million stroke survivors require assistance or are fully dependent on caregivers. To gain more physical independence, many seek help from physical therapists. That same report suggests circuit training can be a successful alternative to physical therapy.
About 10 years ago, the CDC and the arthritis Foundation launched the national arthritis action Plan: a Public health strategy. This collaboration resulted in a landmark document with a consensus of lifestyle and exercise guidelines for people who suffer from chronic arthritis. here is a synthesis of the physical activity recommendations:
Knowing how clients view their health status may be useful if you are trying to help them improve health by making positive lifestyle changes. A recent study shows that some African Americans believe they are in good health despite being over-weight or hypertensive.
The study, published in Ethnicity & Disease (2014; 24, 97–103), followed 1,077 members of African Methodist Episcopal churches in South Carolina. Subjects were participants in a faith-based physical activity and nutrition intervention.
Many older adults who break a hip contend with physical limitations even after rehabilitation. According to researchers led by Nancy K. Latham, PhD, PT, of Boston University in Massachusetts, a home-based exercise program may offer a way to reduce those limitations and improve strength and mobility.
Many young athletes dream of earning a scholarship to play their sport of choice at a reputable college or university. To realize that dream, they will often train extensively. Recent research found that hard training while young may lead to significant physical problems later in life.
Having a positive outlook as we age may not only be related to mood; it may also be reflected in our physical well-being. A large longitudinal study of 3,199 men and women aged 60 and older in Great Britain has revealed a relationship between happiness and better physical function.
Driving isn’t a sport for most of us, yet it does require strength, motor skill, joint mobility and fast reaction time. Chances are you aren’t offering functional exercise training for “driving skills,” but if you work with a senior population, you should be.
It seems that debit card purchases promote the same type of frivolity in children as in adults, but when cards are swiped to pay for school lunches, the impact goes deeper than just free spending. Kids’ food choices also become foolish, according to a study that appeared in the January issue of Obesity (2014; 22 , 24–26).
Since older adults are so diverse in their abilities, fitness levels, health conditions and interests, it is not realistic to use one assessment battery for everyone. However, a thorough review of each older-adult client’s health status—including current health conditions, past surgeries/injuries, medications and goals—is appropriate. This information helps determine which types of assessments an individual may need, as well as which particular assessments to perform.