It is the physiological changes that occur with aging that alter nutrient needs. Gradual loss of lean body mass and reduced energy expenditure lower caloric needs. However, nutrient needs remain the same or in some cases increase.
Have you ever wondered which exercise method is most effective for helping older adults improve functional capacity and reduce insulin resistance? A study published in the January issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine (2009; 169, 122–31) suggests that a combination of cardiovascular and resistance exercise is best for health improvements.
Love to teach water fitness programs? Circuits are fun, they provide variety, and you can make them sport-specific to the older golfer, tennis player or runner. The following class gives you a glimpse into the many pool variations you can offer your senior fitness participants.
Greater resilience is considered a key component of successful aging, but what does resilience actually consist of? People who age successfully seem to demonstrate resilience through their ability to adapt positively in spite of age-related disease and disability. To tease out various factors that contribute to resilience, investigators used data from 1,395 women over age 60 who were participants in the Women’s Health Initiative in San Diego.
Are you having trouble getting your sedentary older-adult clients to go for that Sunday walk? Perhaps parting with
a little green might encourage them to take to the nearest path. According to a study published in the March issue of
the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2009; 36 , 201–7), older adults were more likely to go for a regular
walk if a monetary incentive was offered.
Water fitness classes have grown in popularity and creativity over the past 20 years. What started off as something more or less for older, less fit women has developed into a recognized form of fitness training for the superfit exerciser, the athlete recovering from injury, the older adult with a chronic condition or the person who simply enjoys how forgiving the water environment can be to joints. The pool is also a terrific environment for circuit and interval classes.
According to a press release from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “community-based physical activity interventions
designed to promote more active lifestyles among adults are cost-effective in reducing heart disease, stroke, colorectal and breast cancers, and type 2 diabetes.” One such
Maximal aerobic power is a useful, meaningful and motivational physiological measurement that all types of fitness professionals use to track their clients’ progress. It is also associated with the performance of vigorous bouts of exercise in competitive cardiorespiratory events.
Helping your clients to discover what physical activities they like best may be an important key to helping them stay active. Older adults who enjoy exercise the most are the most active, according to a study published in the American Journal of Health Behaviors (2008; 32 ; 570–82).