According to the American Sleep Apnea Association, sleep apnea affects more than 18 million Americans. If untreated, the condition—which often affects overweight and obese individuals—can result in heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Recently, researchers learned that even a minimal amount of weight loss may prevent the progression of— or even cure—sleep apnea for the long term.
Knowing how clients view their health status may be useful if you are trying to help them improve health by making positive lifestyle changes. A recent study shows that some African Americans believe they are in good health despite being over-weight or hypertensive.
The study, published in Ethnicity & Disease (2014; 24, 97–103), followed 1,077 members of African Methodist Episcopal churches in South Carolina. Subjects were participants in a faith-based physical activity and nutrition intervention.
According to the National Stroke Association, 425,000 women in the United States suffer a stroke each year. To ward off potential stroke risk, many experts encourage women to exercise regularly. But how much exercise is enough to minimize the possibility of experiencing a stroke? The answer may surprise you.
According to researchers from the Beckman Research Institute at the City of Hope in Duarte, California, moderate-intensity exercise—such as a brisk walk— can cut stroke risk by 20%.
Many young athletes dream of earning a scholarship to play their sport of choice at a reputable college or university. To realize that dream, they will often train extensively. Recent research found that hard training while young may lead to significant physical problems later in life.
A woman’s body will change more in 9 months of pregnancy than a man’s will in his lifetime—and she needs an exercise program to match the transformation. So says maternal exercise expert Farel Hruska, national fitness director of FIT4MOM® (formerly Stroller Strides®) in San Diego. “The biomechanics of motherhood are unique and specific,” Hruska explains. “A mom-to-be will need to master strength, agility, balance, speed, acceleration, deceleration, directional change and rotation . . . all with load that increases every day.”
High-intensity interval training is enormously popular in the fitness indus- try this year. HIIT workouts typically include short bursts (6 seconds to 4 minutes) of intense exercise (≥ 90% maximal aerobic capacity) alternating with relief breaks of varying lengths (Kessler, Sisson & Short 2012; Boutcher 2011).
The workouts include a limitless vari- ety of exercises, including
Historically, fitness and health practitioners have been reluctant to steer people with dementia into more intensive exercise programs. Researchers from the University of Arizona, Tucson, and the University of Heidelberg, in Germany, believed that customized, more intense exercise programs could significantly improve care even for older male and female inpatients with dementia. Their study findings indicate they may be right.
The time you invest in stress management may pay off in faster training results. A growing body of research shows that stress levels predict healing speed—people who experience more stress recover more slowly from illness or injury than those with less stress. Stress may come from life circumstances, such as a death or disaster, or may stem from an individual’s perception of stress, such as feeling overwhelmed by work or family matters.
Attention-grabbing headers on health, fitness and nutrition news stories don't always tell the whole story. Learn how to sift through the news to find the true meaning of the research by using the points below to assess what you're reading.
Consider the source. Is the publication generally regarded as reputable? Does it derive any portion of its income from the promotion or advertisement of products or substances similar to those tested in the study?
The health and fitness world confronts a complex paradox. Exercise causes consternation and elation, angst and joy. It can prevent—and lead to—illness and injury. Workouts can keep you out of a hospital and put you into one.