Demonstrating the power of the mind-body connection, familiar music can lower stress and reduce sedative use among intensive-care-unit patients requiring ventilators, says a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association (2013; doi:10.1001/jama.2013.5670).
When starting a running program, beginners always want to put their best foot forward. To avoid injury, many purchase a supportive shoe that minimizes excess movement in the foot. Researchers from Aarhus University in Aarhus, Denmark, suggest that this may not always be necessary.
New research involving the Pilates centering technique will be of particular interest to Pilates pros and other instructors who emphasize engaging core muscles while doing exercises that challenge arm and/or leg movements.
According to a recent survey from the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, health- and fitness-related self-monitoring is a popular practice among U.S. adults.
The survey, which included data from 3,014 respondents nationwide, found that 69% of adults use some form of tracking for themselves or someone they love.
Here are a few other survey tidbits:
Various organizations suggest engaging in physical activity for specific amounts of time in order to improve health markers. According to the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, participation in leisure-time activity—regardless of amount of time spent—may improve mortality rates.
Athletes finally have some proof to support the long-held belief that watermelon juice can reduce posttraining muscle soreness. The report in the American Chemical Society’s Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2013, 61 (31), 7522-28) attributes watermelon's “healing” effects to the amino acid L-citrulline.
Epigenetics—the study of changes in gene expression—has become a buzzword of late. Epigenetic experts suggest that environmental factors might have the power to overcome inherited traits, like a predisposition for type 2 diabetes. New research offers more support for exercise as one environmental factor that can alter gene expression.
Tabata training—a protocol in which 20 seconds of high-intensity activity are followed by 10 seconds of rest, with that cycle repeating for 4 minutes—could be considered one of the earlier versions of high-intensity interval training. Researchers from Auburn University in Montgomery, Alabama, recently looked at Tabata training to determine its eff ectiveness.