Women We know that regular exercise can provide a variety of significant benefits. However, a recent study has discov- ered that older women have not been inspired to become more active.
Published in The Journal of the American Medical Association (2013: 310 , 2562– 63), the study included 7,247 women (average age, 71). Each participant was given an accelerometer to wear for 7 days. The women were then asked to complete a diary detail- ing which days they wore the accelerometers and for how long.
According to the American Cancer Society, white women are more likely to develop breast cancer; however, African American women are more likely to die from the disease. A recent study shows that a lifetime of vigorous exercise can help protect black women against aggressive breast cancer.
Today’s obese children aren’t just carrying around extra weight. According to researchers from Erasmus Medical Clinic, at Sophia Children’s Hospital in Rotterdam, The Netherlands, they are also carrying higher levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
The study observed 20 obese and 20 normal-weight children aged 8–12. To determine cortisol levels, researchers took scalp hair samples from each subject. Data showed that obese children had higher levels of hair cortisol than normal-weight children.
Sixty million American adults have bor- derline hypertension, also known as prehypertension. Medical guidelines recommend lifestyle modifications for those with this condition (systolic blood pressure: 120–139 mm Hg, or diastolic BP: 80–89 mm Hg). If these methods are unsuccessful, then antihypertensive drugs are often recommended.
Many experts believe that long-term healthy behaviors are more likely to take hold when developed at a young age. According to researchers from Bogotá, Colombia, learning those behaviors from Sesame Street characters might be one way to get young kids on the right track.
Older Asian adults in New York City’s Chinatown and Flushing, Queens, are getting a new lease on life thanks to a program offered by the Hospital for Special Surgery.
The primary focus of the program is to improve bone health among participants. According to research presented at the 2013 American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, this population is at great risk for osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
Stable coronary artery disease—defined as an established pat- tern of angina pectoris, a history of myocardial infarction, or the presence of plaque documented by catheterization—affects 17 million Americans (American Family Physician, 2011; 83 , 819–26). According to new research, exercise can significantly improve survival rates among CAD patients.
Forget “guilty” pleasures. The next time you “celebrate” by eating your favorite chips, dips or sweets, give yourself per- mission to fully enjoy the indulgence. Worrying over calories or feeling guilty can put you at risk for weight gain, say researchers in a study published in the November 23, 2013, online edition of Appetite.
Researchers from the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina reported recently in PLoS ONE (2013; 8 , e76632) that 40 years of nutrition information from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey—the gold-standard database for such information—may be fatally flawed.
Several studies have shown a positive association between regular exercise and reduced risk of certain types of can- cer. now, a study from the American Cancer Society has determined a link between walking and reduced breast- cancer risk in postmenopausal women.