If you haven’t had a client ask about it yet, you will soon. Intermittent fasting has hit the mainstream, and a lot of peo- ple are taking notice.
Proponents claim that intermittent fasting causes more rapid weight loss than other approaches; that it makes dieting easier; and that it improves blood glucose control and blood lipids. Does the current body of evidence support these claims? Let’s find out.
What Is Intermittent Fasting?
Long-distance running continues to attract new enthusiasts throughout the world (Tonoli et al. 2010); its unique combination of benefits can help people to control their weight, improve cardiovascular function and fend off a host of chronic health problems (van Gent et al. 2007; van Middelkoop et al. 2008). But for all these advantages, running is hard on some parts of the body, often leading to lower-extremity injuries (van Middelkoop et al. 2008).
What Are Running Injuries, and How Prevalent Are They?
High-intensity interval training is enormously popular in the fitness indus- try this year. HIIT workouts typically include short bursts (6 seconds to 4 minutes) of intense exercise (≥ 90% maximal aerobic capacity) alternating with relief breaks of varying lengths (Kessler, Sisson & Short 2012; Boutcher 2011).
The workouts include a limitless vari- ety of exercises, including
Pilates continues to grow in popularity, and its practice is now familiar to people around the world, with studios throughout North America, South America, Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Enthusiastic marketers may claim that Pilates can solve everything from weight issues to problems in the bed- room, but we serve our clients well when we educate them about benefits of Pilates training that are validated by scientific consensus.
Back in Canada, when my colleagues and I developed strength and fitness programs for hockey athletes, we began to notice something fascinating: Farm kids had distinct advantages when their “farm strength” was transferred to the ice. These young athletes were stronger on the puck, stronger in front of the net when battling their opponents, and stronger in odd body positions.
The health and fitness world confronts a complex paradox. Exercise causes consternation and elation, angst and joy. It can prevent—and lead to—illness and injury. Workouts can keep you out of a hospital and put you into one.
Want to cut your risk of catching the flu? Preliminary findings from the U.K. Flusurvey suggest that vigorous exercise can help.
The survey, an online study run by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, has gathered data from more than 4,800 participants. The organization found that individuals who exercised vigorously for at least 2.5 hours per week reduced their risk of developing flu-like illness by 10%. There was no association between moderate exercise and diminished risk.
According to a report published in the Journal of Athletic Training (2012; 47 , 589–90), anterior cruciate ligament injuries lead to about 113,000 ambulatory-care visits and about 75,000 outpatient surgical reconstructions among active youth and adults in the United States each year. A recent study suggests a potential key to minimizing ACL injury danger among young-adult athletes: neuromuscular training.
How you breathe affects how you live; it's more than automatic. Breathing techniques and patterns are regularly advocated for relaxation, stress management, control of psychophysiological states and improvement of organ function (Ritz & Roth 2003). Anatomically speaking, there is a favorable equilibrium (balance between inhalation and exhalation pressures) in breathin...