Proper screening and risk stratification of clients who are starting exercise programs is important for promoting exercise safety and preventing adverse events during exercise. Personal fitness trainers (PFTs) must be able to utilize the proper tools and understand the information gathered from the preexercise screening. Components of this screening include the health history questionnaire (HHQ); physical activity readiness questionnaire (PAR-Q); risk stratification; and informed consent.
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Now you can give your clients another reason to exercise. A new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute found that cardiorespiratory fitness in early adulthood significantly decreases the chance of developing high blood pressure and diabetes—both major risk factors for heart disease and stroke—in middle age. Fitness also reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome, a constellation of factors that includes excess abdominal fat, elevated blood pressure and triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (the “good” cholesterol).
Do you have clients with severe osteoarthritis (OA) who want to improve their strength and function? You may want to encourage them to exercise in the pool, according to a study from the December 2003 issue of the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (vol. 62, pp. 1162-7). This study’s findings indicate that people with OA can exercise at much higher intensities than popularly believed.
As a trainer you’re always looking for the most effective exercises. That’s why you may want to use the physioball when training new female exercisers, according to research published in the November 2003 issue of the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (vol. 17, pp. 721–5).
If you suspect a client has an eating disorder, it’s important to refer him or her for help. Why? Your client may also have a drug or alcohol problem. Up to 50 percent of individuals with eating disorders also abuse alcohol or illicit drugs, compared to 9 percent of the general population. (Source: “Food for Thought: Substance Abuse and Eating Disorders,” a report from The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University)
With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives
After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.