We are taught that weight loss is simply an equation of calories in versus calories out. If only it were that simple. There is no magic formula for weight loss, of course, but researchers have developed many mathematical models to help us better understand how the body sheds weight. This article examines major concerns associated with these calculations (they are far from perfect) and then discusses simpler solutions that empower all of us to confront one of the most vexing issues of our times.
The Maryland Athletic Club & Wellness Center (MAC) in Timonium has big plans for 2012. MAC has set its sights on helping 1,000 people drop weight, get healthy and reduce the current percentage of citizens who are overweight or obese. “As we celebrate our 15-year anniversary, we pause to remember our mission—to create a health club where everyone could come together to get healthy and fit,” said MAC owner Tim Rhode. “Fifteen years later, it saddens us to see the obesity epidemic continuing to escalate—now at an alarming 66% in the state of Maryland.
A press release from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) reported that more than 30% of men and women who receive Medicare are considered obese. Medicare will begin offering those individuals obesity screening and counseling as part of a preventive services package under the Affordable Care Act. Primary care physicians administer the screening and then refer eligible individuals for counseling. A referred individual will receive once-
Much attention has been focused on obesity rates in the United Kingdom (UK). But what about the island’s many neighbors? According to the European
Health Interview Survey—published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union (EU)—obesity rates across continental Europe continue to rise. The survey included 19 EU member states whose citizens were considered obese if they had a body mass index (BMI) equal to or greater than 30. Here is the breakdown of the states with the highest number of obese inhabitants, as reported in 2008 and 2009:
When done correctly, Pilates can address an obese body’s structural imbalances and posture; enhance respiration and coordination; and improve how the client views his or her body, which may be the most powerful benefit of all. As with any special population, there needs to be a deep sense of compassion and understanding, great patience and a willingness to shift one’s approach to meet a client’s needs.newsletter_teaser: When done correctly, Pilates can address an obese body’s structural imbalances and posture; enhance respiration and coordination; and improve how the client views his or her body, which may be the most powerful benefit of all. As with any special population,
It’s only February, and New Year’s resolutions are already waning. But it’s no wonder, according to an article by two Cornell University researchers. They found that even those with the best intentions can be derailed daily by environmental cues that subconsciously erode willpower. Such cues are significantly impacting the obesity epidemic in the U.S., the authors suggest.
The article concluded that the throw-down between willpower, on the one hand, and cheap food and big portions, on the other, is a mismatch.
Plenty of focus has been placed on the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. But it appears that in California the scales have tipped in the other direction—if only slightly.
Researchers have previously identified a gene—FTO—that seems to predispose individuals to obesity. A recent study published in PLoS Medicine (2011; 8 , e1001116) contends that exercise can reduce the effects of the FTO gene. The researchers analyzed 45 studies from Europe, North America and Asia that encompassed data from more than 218,000 adults along with a meta-study of 19,286 children. The data included body mass index, waist circumference, body fat percentage, self-reported levels of physical activity and genotypes.
Overweight women aged 65–80, take heed: Excess fat significantly impairs ambulation and leg strength, say researchers from the University of New Hampshire. The researchers separated 25 women into a normal-weight group and an overweight group. The women were tested for strength and rate of torque development in the knee extensors and flexors and the ankle plantarflexors and dorsiflexors. Then, during walking tests at standard and maximal speeds, the scientists measured muscle-activation, spatiotemporal and kinetic-gait variables.
Losing weight could save the United States a lot of money. Enrolling overweight adults aged 60–64 in a “proven weight loss program” if they are prediabetic or at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) could save billions of dollars in lifetime Medicare costs, according to a report published in the September issue of Health Affairs (2011; 30 , 1673–79). Depending on eligibility parameters and program participation, “Medicare savings could range from approximately $7 billion to $15 billion . . .