Severe mineral and vitamin shortages are
the cause of a worldwide decrease in brainpower, says a report issued this past spring by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the Micronutrient Initiative. To fix the problem, UNICEF is urging that foods for people in developing countries—even in places where food supplies are adequate—be fortified with nutrients such as soy and iron. The report says that as many as a third of the world’s people will not meet their
intellectual potential unless nutritional
deficiencies are prevented.
When it comes to calorie intake and longevity, less is proving to be more. Researchers recently compared 18 people who had followed a nutrition-dense, calorie-
restricted diet for an average of 6 years with 18 other participants of the same age who ate a typical American diet. The calorie-restricted group (CR) ate between 1,112
A study published in the July 7 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that milk may have a protective effect against colorectal cancer, most likely due to the milk’s rich calcium content. The researchers pooled the results from 10 cohort studies conducted in five different countries using food frequency questionnaires from a total of 534,536 people. Those who consumed about two 8-ounce glasses of milk each day had a 15% lower incidence of colorectal cancer. Daily calcium supplementation was also effective in reducing the risk.
Women who are wanting to get pregnant should throw out their Atkins diet books along with their birth control pills, suggests new research presented at a June meeting of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology, held in Berlin.
Tired of guessing if that avocado will be ripe or rock hard when you go to use it? Food experts say you should squeeze the fruit to judge ripeness; the flesh should yield to moderate pressure. However, an avocado that feels soft in the store is sometimes bruised rather than truly ripe. To be certain, flick the small stem of the avocado. If the stem falls off easily and you can see green underneath it, the fruit is ripe. If the stem doesn’t come off or if the avocado is brown underneath the stem, it is not ripe.
When the weather turns cold, many smart cooks turn to the comfort and convenience of their crock pot for hearty, healthy, one-dish meals. According to a study by Betty Crocker Kitchens, 80 percent of American households owned a slow cooker in 2002.
1⁄2 cup chopped onion
1 teaspoon (tsp) olive oil
1⁄2 cup thinly sliced celery
1⁄2 cup thinly sliced carrot
1 tsp finely chopped garlic
1 can (28 ounces)
diced tomatoes in juice
2 1⁄2 cups water
1 tsp dried oregano
1 tsp dried basil
1⁄2 tsp dried cumin
salt and freshly ground pepper to taste
1 can (15 ounces) white
(cannellini or Great Northern) beans,
rinsed and drained
Researchers may have uncovered a seemingly small behavior that could make a big difference in childhood weight gain: starting the day with a simple, ready-to-eat cereal. According to a study in the Journal