According to the American Dietetic Association (ADA) and the Dietitians of Canada, in the year 2000, 4 percent (%) of Canadian adults and 2.5% of the U.S. adult population consumed a vegetarian diet, defined as one that did not include meat, fish or fowl (ADA 2003). Slightly fewer than 1% said they followed an even stricter vegan diet, meaning they consumed no animal products at all (ADA 2003).
Source: Health (January–February 2004).
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According to a study in the December 2003 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, children can reduce their body fat by 0.4% by simply adding one 8-ounce glass of skim milk or an 8-ounce serving of yogurt to their existing daily calcium intake. Doing so is also likely to decrease kids’ daily consumption of carbonated beverages. The researchers recommended that “attempts to increase dietary calcium focus on low-fat, calcium-rich foods.”a breakfast
a day keeps cavities away
Children who regularly skip breakfast are far more likely to have dental cavities, according to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association. Interestingly, the risk of cavities was just as great for affluent children as it was for kids who were poor and had little access to dental care. In fact, children from affluent families who skipped breakfast were almost three times more likely to get cavities as their well-to-do counterparts who did eat breakfast, the researchers found.
how to limit your
exposure to mad cow disease
With the first case of mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE) uncovered in the U.S. recently, several organizations have released recommendations to help consumers make informed decisions. Here are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about BSE:
More evidence is stacking up against dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Over-the-counter DHEA capsules and creams have been hyped to battle everything from low sex drive to heart disease and Alzheimer’s. Many athletes and bodybuilders also use the supplement in their efforts to gain muscle mass.
Researchers recently evaluated data from 10 prospective cohort studies on different types of dietary fiber to determine their effect on heart disease risk. For every 10 g of fiber consumed per day, the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) decreased by 14 percent (%), whereas the risk of dying from CHD decreased by 27%. Fiber obtained from fruit appeared to be slightly more heart protective than cereal fiber. The findings were published in the February 23 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
Dietary supplements will now be subject to government scrutiny in Canada, under the country’s new Natural Products Regulation law. Products such as herbal remedies, vitamins, minerals and homeopathic medicines will now be licensed and labeled with the license numbers. Labels will also list directions for use; any health claims; medicinal and nonmedicinal ingredients; and any contraindications or adverse effects. The new law will be phased in over 2–6 years.