The main cardiovascular factors that influIt is estimated that 60%–80% of the population will suffer from lower-back pain (LBP) at some time during their lifespan (Hamill et al. 1995). The causes are poorly defined because of the multiple risk factors, which include degenerative changes; repeated incorrect lifting technique; excessive static sitting and standing postures; bending; twisting; and falling.
Recently, IDEA Fitness Journal reported on a study that stated that mental fatigue can limit physical performance. Another, more recent study has linked mental fatigue with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among athletes.
Physical education (PE) teachers, parents and administrators may want to bone up on injury prevention tactics. According to a recent study published in the August 3 online issue of Pediatrics (2009; doi:10.1524/peds.2008–3843), PE-related injuries have risen by 150%. The most common injuries resulted from participation in activities such as running, basketball, football, volleyball, soccer and gymnastics.
According to various studies, 70% of runners sustain some form of running-related overuse injury, with 80% of injuries occurring at or below the knee.
A report published in the May/June issue of Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach (2009; 1 , 242–46), suggests that hip dysfunction may be to blame. The study authors culled various databases for data on overuse injuries between 1980 and July 2008.
Many people suffer from back pain, but the most commonly used pain-relief methods come up short, suggests information from a recent study. The study, which was published in the April 1 issue of Spine (2009; 34 , 718–24), was designed to determine current approaches to management of low-back pain (LBP). According to data gathered from 732 respondents aged 21 and older, exercise was one of the most effective methods of relief, but also the most seldom employed.
Footbar position #4, pulleys cover #1, 1 spring
Standing at one side of Reformer facing footbar, one knee resting on carriage, with foot against shoulder rest and hip extended. Other foot on floor slightly in front of pelvis, knee flexed slightly. Arms reaching overhead to hold same-side strap, elbows soft. Spine extended slightly with gaze upward.
The work of Joseph Pilates was developed more than 80 years ago during a time when the population was made up of far fewer obese individuals. Today we have a chance to reach out to this population and apply Pilates techniques and principles to a demographic that desperately needs to be introduced to the powerhouse.
Teenagers who participate in weight-bearing activities may have stronger bones later in life, suggests a new study in the January 2009 issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Japanese researchers examined the bone structure of 46 postmenopausal women, who were grouped according to their sport participation levels during the physically formative adolescent years (12-18 years).
Want to cut a few strokes off your golf game? Or thinking about trying golf for the first time? Whether you're new or experienced on the greens, a sport-specific conditioning program can give you an edge. Even if a training program doesn’t help your score, it could keep you on the course rather than on the sidelines with a nagging injury, says Dawn Norman, MA, ACT, athletic trainer and golfer.