Maintaining bone health and avoiding fractures are important concerns for older adults. For those who have experienced fractures, research has found that the potential for a second fracture can increase fourfold. Help your older-adult clients remain strong and healthy with Own the Bone™, a Web-based registry that features tools for reducing future fractures.
The main cardiovascular factors that influIt is estimated that 60%–80% of the population will suffer from lower-back pain (LBP) at some time during their lifespan (Hamill et al. 1995). The causes are poorly defined because of the multiple risk factors, which include degenerative changes; repeated incorrect lifting technique; excessive static sitting and standing postures; bending; twisting; and falling.
Myths and controversies regarding spine function and injury mechanisms are widespread. Consider the “cause” of back troubles, specifically the common perception that injuries occur during an “event.” Generally, statistics are compiled from epidemiological approaches, which ignore the large role of cumulative trauma. Despite a reporting system that tends to associate injuries with specific events, very few back injuries actually occur this way.
Physical education (PE) teachers, parents and administrators may want to bone up on injury prevention tactics. According to a recent study published in the August 3 online issue of Pediatrics (2009; doi:10.1524/peds.2008–3843), PE-related injuries have risen by 150%. The most common injuries resulted from participation in activities such as running, basketball, football, volleyball, soccer and gymnastics.
Recently, IDEA Fitness Journal reported on a study that stated that mental fatigue can limit physical performance. Another, more recent study has linked mental fatigue with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among athletes.
According to various studies, 70% of runners sustain some form of running-related overuse injury, with 80% of injuries occurring at or below the knee.
A report published in the May/June issue of Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach (2009; 1 , 242–46), suggests that hip dysfunction may be to blame. The study authors culled various databases for data on overuse injuries between 1980 and July 2008.
Many people suffer from back pain, but the most commonly used pain-relief methods come up short, suggests information from a recent study. The study, which was published in the April 1 issue of Spine (2009; 34 , 718–24), was designed to determine current approaches to management of low-back pain (LBP). According to data gathered from 732 respondents aged 21 and older, exercise was one of the most effective methods of relief, but also the most seldom employed.
Footbar position #4, pulleys cover #1, 1 spring
Standing at one side of Reformer facing footbar, one knee resting on carriage, with foot against shoulder rest and hip extended. Other foot on floor slightly in front of pelvis, knee flexed slightly. Arms reaching overhead to hold same-side strap, elbows soft. Spine extended slightly with gaze upward.
The work of Joseph Pilates was developed more than 80 years ago during a time when the population was made up of far fewer obese individuals. Today we have a chance to reach out to this population and apply Pilates techniques and principles to a demographic that desperately needs to be introduced to the powerhouse.