preventing and correcting
excessive lumbar lordosis
tall, self-conscious 12-year-old girl slumps forward in a futile attempt to camouflage her height. As she grows older, her round-shouldered posture causes her pectoral muscles to shorten, leading to muscle imbalance. An athlete who exhibits excessive hyperextension of the spine when performing the straight-leg raises recommended by his coach ove...
By Michael Youssouf, MA, and Mitchell Charap, MD
Despite advances in care, AIDS cases are still on the rise. Learn how fitness professionals can modify training programs to assist clients in different stages of this disease.
TRAINING CLIENTS WITH HIV OR AIDS
made life more manageable for people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), the incidence of...
Why some reactions to exercise are nothing to sneeze at.
Ever joke about clients who seem to be "allergic" to exercise? Well, it may turn out that some of them really are! Take Jay DeFinis, now aged 41, who learned that the coughing and breathlessness he regularly experienced while jogging didn't indicate poor conditioning, but, in fact, were really asthma a...
Exercise and Health: Dose-Response Issues
The multiple health benefits of regular physical activity are widely recognized. However, consensus has been lacking on what volume and type of exercise are required to generate particular benefits, in other words what exercise dose produces what response. On October 11 to 15, 2000, a symposium on dose-response issues related to aerobic activity ...
Working With ClientsWith
How fitness professionals can use exercise to enhance quality of life in seniors afflicted with this form of dementia.
While advances in medicine have extended our average life expectancy, many of the diseases associated with aging continue to challenge the scientific community. Chief among these is Alzheimer's disease (AD), which primarily ...
physical activity and fitness for persons with disabilities
By Janet A. Seaman, PhD
A Paradigm Shift Historically, the approach to physical activity for people with disabilities has been couched in medical rationale and focused on rehabilitation. Whereas physical education (physical training) has been a part of school curriculum for nearly 100 years, the original orientation was to supplement ...
Exercise design and programming considerations for individuals living with common conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, stroke and cerebral palsy.
Working With Clients With Neuromuscular Conditions
Traditionally, physical therapists, occupational therapists and other medically based professionals were considered the only professionals qualified to address the needs of people living with physic...
By Debra Wein, MS, RD
Does Soy Impact Breast Cancer?
n the February 2000 "Research Update" column I discussed the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA 1999) authorization of a food labeling health claim that associates a diet high in soy protein with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease. Currently, companies with products low in saturated fat, low in cholesterol and cont...
autoimmune disease and overtraining
oanne, a fitness professional in her mid-30s, had been sick for several months. She ached all over, was extremely fatigued, suffered gastrointestinal problems and just generally did not feel well. Additionally, her hands had become extremely sensitive to the cold. Although she was able to continue exercising and teaching 10 or more classes each week, her conditi...