Do you have clients with severe osteoarthritis (OA) who want to improve their strength and function? You may want to encourage them to exercise in the pool, according to a study from the December 2003 issue of the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (vol. 62, pp. 1162-7). This study’s findings indicate that people with OA can exercise at much higher intensities than popularly believed.
Now you can give your clients another reason to exercise. A new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute found that cardiorespiratory fitness in early adulthood significantly decreases the chance of developing high blood pressure and diabetes—both major risk factors for heart disease and stroke—in middle age. Fitness also reduces the risk of metabolic syndrome, a constellation of factors that includes excess abdominal fat, elevated blood pressure and triglycerides, and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (the “good” cholesterol).
With ArthritisBy Johndavid Maes and Len Kravitz, PhDLearning Objectives
After reading this article, readers should be able to:
Describe what arthritis is and the most common types.
Discuss the nationwide impact of this problem.
Describe the most common symptoms of this disease.
Discuss some of the myths and misunderstandings of arthritis.
State the appropriate exercise approach for those suffering from arthritis.
Angela, a litigation partner at a San
Francisco law firm, was a perfectly healthy 36-year-old woman who had just adopted a 4-month-old Guatemalan baby. On July 30, 2002, she was diagnosed with stage 2 invasive ductal carcinoma.
Metabolic syndrome is a collection of health risks that increase an individual’s chances of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes. These health risks include excessive fat tissue in the abdominal area, glucose intolerance, unhealthy cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. Metabolic syndrome is closely associated with insulin resistance. Also known as “syndrome X,” the condition is often seen in seniors and those who are overweight.
Diabetes continues to be a growing health threat. In 2003 the number of Americans with diabetes rose to an all-time estimated high of 18.2 million. This condition also continues to be the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.
Personal fitness trainers are tremendously important in fighting the diabetes epidemic. Your work toward helping clients exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet can significantly reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Do you or any of your clients suffer from knee osteoarthritis? If so, you might be interested in the results of a recent review of all randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials on oral glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate that was published in the July 14, 2003, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
National Osteoporosis Awareness Month may be next month, but reminders about enhancing bone health are always appropriate. For example, you can remind your clients that the best defense against osteoporosis is to develop strong bones, especially before the age of 30, and that regular exercise has been shown to encourage bone growth throughout life.