Researchers at the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) think they may have uncovered one reason why overweight, inactive individuals have a higher risk for many cancers. They suspect that a major culprit is the increase in levels of insulin and other hormones often associated with excess weight. These higher levels—along with other conditions that collectively form what is known as “metabolic syndrome”—are also linked to cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases.
Effect of High-Intensity Resistance
Exercise on Elderly Bones
Vincent, K.R., & Braith, R.W. Resistance exercise and bone turnover in elderly men and women. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34 (1), 17-23.
The body of research has shown that soybean protein and other dietary fiber can help reduce serum cholesterol levels, which increase the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Now a new study indicates that legumes, which are high in bean protein and water-soluble fiber, may offer an important dietary approach to preventing CHD in the general population.
Study. Information is limited regarding the risk of cardiovascular disease in persons with high-normal blood pressure (BP) (resting systolic BP of 130-139 millimeters of mercury [mm Hg] and/or resting diastolic BP of 85-89 mm Hg). Investigators from the Framingham Heart Study in Framingham, Massachusetts, investigated the association between BP category at baseline and the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) on follow-up among 6,859 study participants who were initially free of hypertension and CVD.
Individuals who take aspirin to thin their blood and ibuprofen for arthritis may be canceling out the aspirin’s benefits, new research suggests. The study found that when patients took ibuprofen before taking aspirin, the aspirin lost 98 percent of its blood-thinning ability. When they took aspirin first, followed by ibuprofen, the aspirin lost 90 percent of its benefits.
Each year United Health Foundation publishes a very important report that ranks the 50 United States in 16 different health-related categories, including overall health. This report provides useful information for fitness professionals who aspire to justify and create health promotion and fitness programs for a variety of populations within a state. The data can also serve to rank which health promotion activities may be of greatest benefit within a state population—for example, physical activity, weight control and so on.
Age-adjusted death rates continue to fall for heart disease and cancer, the two leading causes of death in the United States, accounting for more than half of all deaths each year. The death rate for heart disease decreased by 3.8 percent from 1999 to 2000, while cancer deaths decreased 1.1 percent during the same period, according to a recently released CDC report, Deaths: Preliminary Data for 2000. The study also found that during this time the life expectancy for Americans reached 76.9 years, a record high.