Fortifying grain products with folic acid was originally intended to reduce the incidents of birth defects. Now a new study indicates that folic acid fortification may also have a considerable effect on cardiovascular disease, preventing an estimated 31,000 deaths from stoke and 17,000 deaths from heart disease each year.
A little goes a long way when training older adults with lower-extremity osteoarthritis, according to
a study in the April 2004 issue of The Gerontologist (2004; 44 , 217–28). Researchers looked at the impact of a low-cost, multicomponent physical
Men with high levels of adiponectin, a protein hormone pro- oduced and secreted by fat cells, are less likely to have a heart
attack, according to a study published in the April 14, 2004, issue
of the Journal of the American Medical Association (2004; 291 , 1730–7). Adeponectin is thought to prevent fats from accumulating in arteries and may also reduce inflammation; although fat cells produce the hormone, obese people have lower levels of it.
Exercising to Music May Improve Brainpower
People who exercise are already smart, but listening to music while exercising may make them even smarter, according to a study published in the November–December issue of Heart & Lung (2003; 32 , 368–73).
More evidence is stacking up against dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Over-the-counter DHEA capsules and creams have been hyped to battle everything from low sex drive to heart disease and Alzheimer’s. Many athletes and bodybuilders also use the supplement in their efforts to gain muscle mass.
High cholesterol is a dangerous contributor to coronary heart disease. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Guidelines from the National Institutes of Health state that a total-cholesterol level of 240 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) or higher indicates an elevated risk of having a heart attack. Optimally, LDL, the “bad” cholesterol, should be 100 mg/dl or below for high-risk individuals (those with cardiovascular disease [CVD], diabetes or a 20 percent [%] or greater chance of suffering a heart attack or dying from CVD in the next 10 years).
Researchers recently evaluated data from 10 prospective cohort studies on different types of dietary fiber to determine their effect on heart disease risk. For every 10 g of fiber consumed per day, the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) decreased by 14 percent (%), whereas the risk of dying from CHD decreased by 27%. Fiber obtained from fruit appeared to be slightly more heart protective than cereal fiber. The findings were published in the February 23 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.
how to limit your
exposure to mad cow disease
With the first case of mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE) uncovered in the U.S. recently, several organizations have released recommendations to help consumers make informed decisions. Here are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about BSE:
Here’s another reason for your clients to maintain a healthy weight: Women who have gained more than 20 pounds since age 18 have a higher risk of developing breast cancer after menopause than women who have maintained their weight, according to research published in the February issue of Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention.
If you train clients with hypertension, you’ll want to check out the new position stand of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) on “Exercise and Hypertension.” (It replaces ACSM’s 1993 position stand “Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, and Hypertension.”) ACSM’s latest stand views exercise as a cornerstone therapy for the primary prevention, treatment and control of the disease.