A study published in the July 7 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that milk may have a protective effect against colorectal cancer, most likely due to the milk’s rich calcium content. The researchers pooled the results from 10 cohort studies conducted in five different countries using food frequency questionnaires from a total of 534,536 people. Those who consumed about two 8-ounce glasses of milk each day had a 15% lower incidence of colorectal cancer. Daily calcium supplementation was also effective in reducing the risk.
NCEP Updates Treatment Guidelines for Cholesterol
The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has updated its treatment guidelines for cholesterol, suggesting that people at risk for heart attack and stroke would benefit from more intensive cholesterol-lowering therapies.
Do you have arthritis? You’re not alone. Approximately 42.7 million Americans have arthritis, as well as millions of people around the world. Doctors now commonly prescribe exercise to alleviate arthritis symptoms. However, it can be confusing to know what type of exercise to do and how much is helpful.
The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) has launched a new program to support health and physical activity for the 6 million American children and youth who have disabilities. Supported by more than 50 national organizations,
the initiative is being led by the HHS’ Office on Disability in collaboration with the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports (PCPFS).
Breast Cancer Increasing Among Men
Although breast cancer in men is still a
rarity, the incidence is increasing, according to a study published in the May 24, 2004, online edition of Cancer. Using data from
the National Cancer Institute’s, “Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 1973–1998” database, researchers found that male breast cancer rose from 0.86 per 100,000 men in 1973 to 1.08 in 1998. Men also had a higher median age at diagnosis and were more likely to have lymph-node involvement.
With so much news about the obesity epidemic plaguing today’s kids, researchers recently set out to discover if there has been an increase in the number of cases of metabolic syndrome in this population. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), metabolic syndrome is a constellation
of medical conditions, such as diabetes and obesity, that are thought to be caused by insulin resistance or glucose intolerance. The AHA estimates that approximately 20%–25% of American adults suffer from this condition.
Women are at unique risk for certain nutrition-related diseases and conditions. Many of these diseases and conditions are caused by unhealthy lifestyle behaviors that may be preventable if women are given correct advice and information. To assist health professionals in educating this group about healthful eating habits and other lifestyle choices, the American Dietetic Association (ADA) and the Dietitians of Canada have released a new Position Paper on nutrition and women’s health.
Fortifying grain products with folic acid was originally intended to reduce the incidents of birth defects. Now a new study indicates that folic acid fortification may also have a considerable effect on cardiovascular disease, preventing an estimated 31,000 deaths from stoke and 17,000 deaths from heart disease each year.
A little goes a long way when training older adults with lower-extremity osteoarthritis, according to
a study in the April 2004 issue of The Gerontologist (2004; 44 , 217–28). Researchers looked at the impact of a low-cost, multicomponent physical