Osteoarthritis (OA), the nation’s most common form of arthritis, is a degenerative joint disease that causes cartilage and its underlying bone to break down, eventually producing joint pain and stiffess (Lubar et al. 2010).
Does tai chi practice offer adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) an effective way of improving exercise capacity and overall quality of life? A special report published in Expert Reviews (2013; 7 : 587–92) addresses this question.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs when plaque accumulates in the arteries of the legs. Reduced blood flow and loss of oxygen in the tissues beyond the obstruction cause localized muscular pain, or claudication, especially during exercise (Bulmer & Coombes 2004; Womack & Gardner 2003).
Sitting for extended periods of time throughout the day has been linked with increased risk of health problems and even with death. A new study from BMC Public Health (2013: 13 ) says that quality of life may also suffer in people who sit for long periods.
The large study included 194,545 Australian men and women aged 45 and older who were randomly selected from the Medicare Australia database. Participants answered questions about physical activity levels and intensity, daily sitting time, and feelings of health and quality of life.
Here’s more motivation to get your female clients interested in lifting weights: Strength training can help to ward off diabetes.
The researchers, from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston and the University of Southern Denmark, analyzed data from 99,316 female participants in the Nurses’ Health Study and the Nurses’ Health Study II. The women, aged 36–81, did not present with diabetes, cancer or cardiovascular disease at the beginning of the 8-year study.
Mindful eating practices may help clients with a variety of health conditions to improve their nutrition habits. For people with type 2 diabetes, training in mindful eating was as effective in managing weight and blood sugar levels as conventional diabetes self-management education, reported a pilot study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (2012; 112 , 1835–42; doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2012.07.036).
According to researchers from Norway, supervised high-intensity interval train- ing has become more widely used as an exercise intervention for heart disease patients. Recently, they determined that home-based HIIT can also be effective at improving health scores in this group.
What makes us weaken with age? The prime culprit is sarcopenia—age-related loss of muscle mass, strength, power and function (Sayer et al. 2013; Morley 2012). Morley (2012) says 5%–13% of 60- to 70-year-olds and 11%–50% of people in their 80s have sarcopenia, which means “poverty of flesh.”
Sixty million American adults have bor- derline hypertension, also known as prehypertension. Medical guidelines recommend lifestyle modifications for those with this condition (systolic blood pressure: 120–139 mm Hg, or diastolic BP: 80–89 mm Hg). If these methods are unsuccessful, then antihypertensive drugs are often recommended.