There is a growing and compelling body of evidence that Alzheimer’s and Type 2 diabetes are linked by a common factor: insulin resistance. Earlier this year, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh proved it for the first time.
Inflammation, a protective mechanism designed to heal the body, has also been associated with disease development. Recently, a study discovered an inverse association between inflammation and long-term physical activity.
Published in Circulation (doi: 10.1161/circulationaha.112.103879), the 10-year study followed 4,289 men and women who were approximately 49 years old at the outset. “Self-reported physical activity and inflammatory markers (serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [CRP] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) were measured at baseline and follow-up,” the authors explained.
Here’s another great benefit to including strength training in your clients’ fitness programs. A study in the Archives of Internal Medicine (doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2012.3138) has reported that men who regularly lift weights may reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Pilates-based mat exercises show promise as a way of helping people with multiple sclerosis (MS) improve both balance and stability. Impaired balance and loss of confidence with walking are common consequences of MS. Core stability training would seem a good candidate for complementary therapy, but till now, little scientific evidence has supported its effectiveness.
Researchers from several hospitals in England, Scotland and Wales conducted a multicenter series of case studies to evaluate the influence of Pilates-based mat exercises on balance and gait in ambulant people with MS.
For heart disease patients who also struggle with depression, exercise may offer as much relief from depressive symptoms as do prescription drugs, say researchers from Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina.
Two human behaviors explain why we’re still here: engaging in sex and consuming food. Both are inextricably linked by dopamine, the neurotransmitter associated with reward and pleasure. It’s what motivates us to read all three volumes of Fifty Shades of Grey or to inhale a plate of mom’s homemade oatmeal raisin cookies. To date, procreative activities have maintained their primal prerogative without too much deviation from nature’s blueprint.
Having a sense of purpose in life—a tendency to derive meaning from life’s experiences and have a sense of direction or intention—may not only help you achieve goals but also contribute to keeping your brain healthy.
Researchers from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago studied data from 246 participants in the Rush Memory and Aging Project and found that higher levels of purpose in life reduced the effect of Alzheimer’s disease on cognitive decline.
According to the American Diabetes Association, 25.8 million people in the United States have diabetes—8.3% of the total population. By 2025, says a study in Population Health Management (2012; 15, 1–7), that number will be dwarfed.
Mind-body movement professionals may want to suggest mindful exercise for their clients with arthritis, since research is showing that mind-body practices can alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression. A study published in the journal of the American College of Rheumatology, Arthritis Care & Research (2012; doi:10.1002/acr.21685), noted that one-third of U.S. adults aged 45 and older who have arthritis also experience anxiety or depression. In this population, anxiety is almost twice as common as depression.